Tuesday, December 12, 2017

2 Chronicles 15

Moving right along, sometimes on the path of least resistance. I will admit about this public reading I sometimes wonder why I am doing it. The axes I used to grind have long since disintegrated. But there is something to caring for the disadvantaged.

This chapter begins almost post modern, and then reverts to the worst of compelled uniformity of thought. Who is Yahweh that we should assume compelled uniformity of thought is a requirement of what must be in the one who is becoming what he is becoming? Perhaps it is the non-conformist that points out to us who think we conform that our integrity is not all we think it to be.
2 Chronicles 15 Fn Min Max Syll
וַעֲזַרְיָ֙הוּ֙ בֶּן־עוֹדֵ֔ד הָיְתָ֥ה עָלָ֖יו ר֥וּחַ אֱלֹהִֽים 1 And Azariah child of Oded, the spirit of God was upon him. 3e 3g 17
וַיֵּצֵא֮ לִפְנֵ֣י אָסָא֒ וַיֹּ֣אמֶר ל֔וֹ שְׁמָע֕וּנִי אָסָ֖א וְכָל־יְהוּדָ֣ה וּבִנְיָמִ֑ן
יְהוָ֤ה עִמָּכֶם֙ בִּֽהְיֽוֹתְכֶ֣ם עִמּ֔וֹ וְאִֽם־תִּדְרְשֻׁ֙הוּ֙ יִמָּצֵ֣א לָכֶ֔ם וְאִם־תַּעַזְבֻ֖הוּ יַעֲזֹ֥ב אֶתְכֶֽם
2 And he came out before Asa saying to him, Hear me Asa, and all Judah and Benjamin.
Yahweh is with you when you are with him, and if you search him out he will be found of you, and if you forsake him he will forsake you.
3e 4C 26
32
וְיָמִ֥ים רַבִּ֖ים לְיִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל
לְלֹ֣א ׀ אֱלֹהֵ֣י אֱמֶ֗ת וּלְלֹ֛א כֹּהֵ֥ן מוֹרֶ֖ה וּלְלֹ֥א תוֹרָֽה
3 And many days for Israel,
there will be no God of truth and no priest instructing and no instruction.
3d 4B 9
17
וַיָּ֙שָׁב֙ בַּצַּר־ל֔וֹ עַל־יְהוָ֖ה אֱלֹהֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל
וַיְבַקְשֻׁ֖הוּ וַיִּמָּצֵ֥א לָהֶֽם
4 But let him turn in his straits to Yahweh the God of Israel,
and let them seek him, and he will be found of them.
3e 4B 15
10
וּבָעִתִּ֣ים הָהֵ֔ם אֵ֥ין שָׁל֖וֹם לַיּוֹצֵ֣א וְלַבָּ֑א
כִּ֚י מְהוּמֹ֣ת רַבּ֔וֹת עַ֥ל כָּל־יוֹשְׁבֵ֖י הָאֲרָצֽוֹת
5 And in those times there will be no peace for one to go out or to come in,
for much discomfort will be over all the inhabitants of the lands.
3e 4C 15
14
וְכֻתְּת֥וּ גוֹי־בְּג֖וֹי וְעִ֣יר בְּעִ֑יר
כִּֽי־אֱלֹהִ֥ים הֲמָמָ֖ם בְּכָל־צָרָֽה
6 And they will beat nation by nation and city by city,
for God will confuse them with all trouble.
3e 4B 12
10
וְאַתֶּ֣ם חִזְק֔וּ וְאַל־יִרְפּ֖וּ יְדֵיכֶ֑ם
כִּ֛י יֵ֥שׁ שָׂכָ֖ר לִפְעֻלַּתְכֶֽם
7 But you be resolute and do not let go your hands,
for there is a wage for your work.
3d 4B 12
8
וְכִשְׁמֹ֨עַ אָסָ֜א הַדְּבָרִ֣ים הָאֵ֗לֶּה וְהַנְּבוּאָה֮ עֹדֵ֣ד הַנָּבִיא֒ הִתְחַזַּ֗ק וַיַּעֲבֵ֤ר הַשִּׁקּוּצִים֙ מִכָּל־אֶ֤רֶץ יְהוּדָה֙ וּבִנְיָמִ֔ן וּמִן־הֶ֣עָרִ֔ים אֲשֶׁ֥ר לָכַ֖ד מֵהַ֣ר אֶפְרָ֑יִם
וַיְחַדֵּשׁ֙ אֶת־מִזְבַּ֣ח יְהוָ֔ה אֲשֶׁ֕ר לִפְנֵ֖י אוּלָ֥ם יְהוָֽה
8 And as Asa heard these words and the prophesy of Oded the prophet, he was resolved, and he was furious at the detestable things from all the land of Judah and Benjamin, and from the cities that he had conquered from mount Ephraim,
and he renovated the altar of Yahweh that was before the porch of Yahweh.
3e 4C 57
16
וַיִּקְבֹּ֗ץ אֶת־כָּל־יְהוּדָה֙ וּבִנְיָמִ֔ן וְהַגָּרִים֙ עִמָּהֶ֔ם מֵאֶפְרַ֥יִם וּמְנַשֶּׁ֖ה וּמִשִּׁמְע֑וֹן
כִּֽי־נָפְל֨וּ עָלָ֤יו מִיִּשְׂרָאֵל֙ לָרֹ֔ב בִּרְאֹתָ֕ם כִּֽי־יְהוָ֥ה אֱלֹהָ֖יו עִמּֽוֹ
9 And he collected all Judah and Benjamin and those residing with them from Ephraim and Manasseh and from Simeon,
for they fell to him from Israel in abundance when they saw that Yahweh his God was with him.
3e 4C 29
23
וַיִּקָּבְצ֥וּ יְרוּשָׁלִַ֖ם בַּחֹ֣דֶשׁ הַשְּׁלִישִׁ֑י
לִשְׁנַ֥ת חֲמֵשׁ־עֶשְׂרֵ֖ה לְמַלְכ֥וּת אָסָֽא
10 And they collected themselves at Jerusalem in the third month,
of the fifteenth year of the reign of Asa.
3e 4B 14
11
וַיִּזְבְּח֤וּ לַיהוָה֙ בַּיּ֣וֹם הַה֔וּא מִן־הַשָּׁלָ֖ל הֵבִ֑יאוּ
בָּקָר֙ שְׁבַ֣ע מֵא֔וֹת וְצֹ֖אן שִׁבְעַ֥ת אֲלָפִֽים
11 And they sacrificed to Yahweh in that day from the spoil they had brought,
oxen, seven hundred, and sheep, seven thousand.
3e 4C 17
13
וַיָּבֹ֣אוּ בַבְּרִ֔ית לִדְר֕וֹשׁ אֶת־יְהוָ֖ה אֱלֹהֵ֣י אֲבוֹתֵיהֶ֑ם
בְּכָל־לְבָבָ֖ם וּבְכָל־נַפְשָֽׁם
12 And they entered into a covenant to search out Yahweh the God of their ancestors,
with all their heart and with all their integrity.
3e 4B 17
9
וְכֹ֨ל אֲשֶׁ֧ר לֹֽא־יִדְרֹ֛שׁ לַיהוָ֥ה אֱלֹהֵֽי־יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל יוּמָ֑ת
לְמִן־קָטֹן֙ וְעַד־גָּד֔וֹל לְמֵאִ֖ישׁ וְעַד־אִשָּֽׁה
13 And anyone that not would search out to Yahweh the God of Israel would be put to death,
from the least to the greatest, man or woman.
3c 4A 17
15
וַיִּשָּֽׁבְעוּ֙ לַיהוָ֔ה בְּק֥וֹל גָּד֖וֹל וּבִתְרוּעָ֑ה
וּבַחֲצֹצְר֖וֹת וּבְשׁוֹפָרֽוֹת
14 And they swore to Yahweh with a great voice and with a shout of triumph,
and with trumpets and with shophar.
3e 4A 14
9
וַיִּשְׂמְח֨וּ כָל־יְהוּדָ֜ה עַל־הַשְּׁבוּעָ֗ה כִּ֤י בְכָל־לְבָבָם֙ נִשְׁבָּ֔עוּ וּבְכָל־רְצוֹנָ֣ם בִּקְשֻׁ֔הוּ וַיִּמָּצֵ֖א לָהֶ֑ם
וַיָּ֧נַח יְהוָ֛ה לָהֶ֖ם מִסָּבִֽיב
15 And all Judah was glad over the oath, for with all their heart they swore, and with all acceptance they sought him, and he was found of them,
and Yahweh gave rest to them round about.
3c 4C 35
10
וְגַֽם־מַעֲכָ֞ה אֵ֣ם ׀ אָסָ֣א הַמֶּ֗לֶךְ הֱסִירָהּ֙ מִגְּבִירָ֔ה אֲשֶׁר־עָשְׂתָ֥ה לַאֲשֵׁרָ֖ה מִפְלָ֑צֶת
וַיִּכְרֹ֤ת אָסָא֙ אֶת־מִפְלַצְתָּ֔הּ וַיָּ֕דֶק וַיִּשְׂרֹ֖ף בְּנַ֥חַל קִדְרֽוֹן
16 And even Makah the mother of Asa the king, he put her aside as queen-mother when she made a totem for her fetish,
and Asa cut off her totem and ground it finely and incinerated it in the wadi Kidron.
3e 4C 28
20
וְהַ֨בָּמ֔וֹת לֹא־סָ֖רוּ מִיִּשְׂרָאֵ֑ל
רַ֧ק לְבַב־אָסָ֛א הָיָ֥ה שָׁלֵ֖ם כָּל־יָמָֽיו
17 But the high places they did not put aside from Israel,
but the heart of Asa was at peace all his days.
3c 4A 10
12
וַיָּבֵ֞א אֶת־קָדְשֵׁ֥י אָבִ֛יו וְקָֽדָשָׁ֖יו בֵּ֣ית הָאֱלֹהִ֑ים
כֶּ֥סֶף וְזָהָ֖ב וְכֵלִֽים
18 And he brought the holy things of his father and his own holy things into the house of God,
silver and gold and vessels.
3d 4B 17
8
וּמִלְחָמָ֖ה לֹ֣א הָיָ֑תָה
עַ֛ד שְׁנַת־שְׁלֹשִׁ֥ים וְחָמֵ֖שׁ לְמַלְכ֥וּת אָסָֽא
19 And there was no war,
until year thirty five of the reign of Asa.
3d 4B 8
14

Monday, December 11, 2017

1 Chronicles 21

This is more different that I expected from 2 Samuel 24. Worth considering how the same story gets coloured and told quite differently. God and the accuser make appearances, but Yahweh is still involved. There is no detailed itinerary for the visitation and the numbers are not reconcilable. Six hundred weight of gold rather than 50 of silver is the price for the threshing floor, and the name of the protagonist is different. I suspect the Chronicler had an agenda.

1 Chronicles 21 Fn Min Max Syll
וַיַּֽעֲמֹ֥ד שָׂטָ֖ן עַל־יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל
וַיָּ֙סֶת֙ אֶת־דָּוִ֔יד לִמְנ֖וֹת אֶת־יִשְׂרָאֵֽל
1 And an accuser stood up over Israel,
and he incited David to fathom Israel.
3e 4A 10
12
וַיֹּ֨אמֶר דָּוִ֤יד אֶל־יוֹאָב֙ וְאֶל־שָׂרֵ֣י הָעָ֔ם לְכ֗וּ סִפְרוּ֙ אֶת־יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל מִבְּאֵ֥ר שֶׁ֖בַע וְעַד־דָּ֑ן
וְהָבִ֣יאוּ אֵלַ֔י וְאֵדְעָ֖ה אֶת־מִסְפָּרָֽם
2 And David said to Joab and to the chiefs of the people, Go. Count Israel from Beer-Sheva and to Dan, and come to me and I will know their counts. 3e 4C 29
13
וַיֹּ֣אמֶר יוֹאָ֗ב יוֹסֵף֩ יְהוָ֨ה עַל־עַמּ֤וֹ ׀ כָּהֵם֙ מֵאָ֣ה פְעָמִ֔ים הֲלֹא֙ אֲדֹנִ֣י הַמֶּ֔לֶךְ כֻּלָּ֥ם לַאדֹנִ֖י לַעֲבָדִ֑ים
לָ֣מָּה יְבַקֵּ֥שׁ זֹאת֙ אֲדֹנִ֔י לָ֛מָּה יִהְיֶ֥ה לְאַשְׁמָ֖ה לְיִשְׂרָאֵֽל
3 And Joab said, may Yahweh add to his people as they are a hundred times. Is not my Lord the king of all of them, my lord's for servants?
Why does my Lord seek this? Why will he be an offense for Israel.
3d 4C 36
20
וּדְבַר־הַמֶּ֖לֶךְ חָזַ֣ק עַל־יוֹאָ֑ב
וַיֵּצֵ֣א יוֹאָ֗ב וַיִּתְהַלֵּךְ֙ בְּכָל־יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל וַיָּבֹ֖א יְרוּשָׁלִָֽם
4 But the word of the king was resolute over Joab.
And Joab went out and went through all Israel, and he came to Jerusalem.
3e 4B 10
21
וַיִּתֵּ֥ן יוֹאָ֛ב אֶת־מִסְפַּ֥ר מִפְקַד־הָעָ֖ם אֶל־דָּוִ֑יד
וַיְהִ֣י כָֽל־יִשְׂרָאֵ֡ל אֶ֣לֶף אֲלָפִים֩ וּמֵאָ֨ה אֶ֤לֶף אִישׁ֙ שֹׁ֣לֵֽף חֶ֔רֶב וִֽיהוּדָ֕ה אַרְבַּע֩ מֵא֨וֹת וְשִׁבְעִ֥ים אֶ֛לֶף אִ֖ישׁ שֹׁ֥לֵֽף חָֽרֶב
5 And Joab gave the count of the conscription of the people to David,
and all Israel were a million and one hundred thousand soldiers that drew a sword, and Judah four hundred seventy thousand soldiers that drew a sword.
3d 4C 15
38
וְלֵוִי֙ וּבִנְיָמִ֔ן לֹ֥א פָקַ֖ד בְּתוֹכָ֑ם
כִּֽי־נִתְעַ֥ב דְּבַר־הַמֶּ֖לֶךְ אֶת־יוֹאָֽב
6 Both Levi and Benjamin, he did not visit among them,
for the word of the king was abhorrent to Joab.
3e 4A 13
11
וַיֵּ֙רַע֙ בְּעֵינֵ֣י הָאֱלֹהִ֔ים עַל־הַדָּבָ֖ר הַזֶּ֑ה
וַיַּ֖ךְ אֶת־יִשְׂרָאֵֽל
7 And it was an irritation in the eyes of God over this matter,
and he struck Israel.
3e 4B 16
6
וַיֹּ֤אמֶר דָּוִיד֙ אֶל־הָ֣אֱלֹהִ֔ים חָטָ֣אתִֽי מְאֹ֔ד אֲשֶׁ֥ר עָשִׂ֖יתִי אֶת־הַדָּבָ֣ר הַזֶּ֑ה
וְעַתָּ֗ה הַֽעֲבֶר־נָא֙ אֶת־עֲו֣וֹן עַבְדְּךָ֔ כִּ֥י נִסְכַּ֖לְתִּי מְאֹֽד
8 And David said to God, I have sinned excessively that I have done this thing,
and now let pass please the iniquity of your servant, for I have been excessively silly.
3e 4C 26
19
וַיְדַבֵּ֤ר יְהוָה֙ אֶל־גָּ֔ד חֹזֵ֥ה דָוִ֖יד לֵאמֹֽר 9 And Yahweh spoke to Gad, the visionary for David, saying, 3e 4C 13
לֵךְ֩ וְדִבַּרְתָּ֨ אֶל־דָּוִ֜יד לֵאמֹ֗ר כֹּ֚ה אָמַ֣ר יְהוָ֔ה שָׁל֕וֹשׁ אֲנִ֖י נֹטֶ֣ה עָלֶ֑יךָ
בְּחַר־לְךָ֛ אַחַ֥ת מֵהֵ֖נָּה וְאֶֽעֱשֶׂה־לָּֽךְ
10 Go and speak to David saying, Thus says Yahweh, Three I have stretched out over you.
Chose for you one from them, that I will undertake for you.
3d 4C 24
14
וַיָּ֥בֹא גָ֖ד אֶל־דָּוִ֑יד
וַיֹּ֥אמֶר ל֛וֹ כֹּֽה־אָמַ֥ר יְהוָ֖ה קַבֶּל־לָֽךְ
11 So Gad came to David,
and said to him, Thus says Yahweh. Undergo for yourself.
3d 4A 7
12
אִם־שָׁל֨וֹשׁ שָׁנִ֜ים רָעָ֗ב וְאִם־שְׁלֹשָׁ֨ה חֳדָשִׁ֜ים נִסְפֶּ֥ה מִפְּנֵי־צָרֶיךָ֮ וְחֶ֣רֶב אוֹיְבֶ֣ךָ ׀ לְמַשֶּׂגֶת֒ וְאִם־שְׁלֹ֣שֶׁת יָ֠מִים חֶ֣רֶב יְהוָ֤ה וְדֶ֙בֶר֙ בָּאָ֔רֶץ וּמַלְאַ֣ךְ יְהוָ֔ה מַשְׁחִ֖ית בְּכָל־גְּב֣וּל יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל
וְעַתָּ֣ה רְאֵ֔ה מָֽה־אָשִׁ֥יב אֶת־שֹׁלְחִ֖י דָּבָֽר
12 Whether three years of famine, or three months snatched before your foes, and the sword of your enemy overtaking, or three days of the sword of Yahweh, and pestilence in the land, and the angel of Yahweh destroying within every border of Israel.
So now see what word I will return to him who sent me.
3e 4C 62
13
וַיֹּ֧אמֶר דָּוִ֛יד אֶל־גָּ֖ד צַר־לִ֣י מְאֹ֑ד
אֶפְּלָה־נָּ֣א בְיַד־יְהוָ֗ה כִּֽי־רַבִּ֤ים רַחֲמָיו֙ מְאֹ֔ד וּבְיַד־אָדָ֖ם אַל־אֶפֹּֽל
13 And David said to Gad, My troubles are excessive.
Let me fall, please, into the hand of Yahweh, for his compassions are excessive, and into the hand of humanity let me not fall.
3c 4C 11
21
וַיִּתֵּ֧ן יְהוָ֛ה דֶּ֖בֶר בְּיִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל
וַיִּפֹּל֙ מִיִּשְׂרָאֵ֔ל שִׁבְעִ֥ים אֶ֖לֶף אִֽישׁ
14 And Yahweh gave a pestilence on Israel,
and there fell from Israel seventy thousand men.
3c 4A 11
12
וַיִּשְׁלַח֩ הָאֱלֹהִ֨ים ׀ מַלְאָ֥ךְ ׀ לִֽירוּשָׁלִַם֮ לְהַשְׁחִיתָהּ֒ וּכְהַשְׁחִ֗ית רָאָ֤ה יְהוָה֙ וַיִּנָּ֣חֶם עַל־הָֽרָעָ֔ה וַיֹּ֨אמֶר לַמַּלְאָ֤ךְ הַמַּשְׁחִית֙ רַ֔ב עַתָּ֖ה הֶ֣רֶף יָדֶ֑ךָ
וּמַלְאַ֤ךְ יְהוָה֙ עֹמֵ֔ד עִם־גֹּ֖רֶן אָרְנָ֥ן הַיְבוּסִֽי
15 And God sent an angel to Jerusalem to destroy it, and as he was destroying, Yahweh saw and sighed over the evil, and said to the angel, the destroyer, Too much now. Let your hand desist.
And the angel of Yahweh was standing beside the threshing-floor of I Shout With Joy [Ornan], the Jebusite.
3e 4C 49
15
וַיִּשָּׂ֨א דָוִ֜יד אֶת־עֵינָ֗יו וַיַּ֞רְא אֶת־מַלְאַ֤ךְ יְהוָה֙ עֹמֵ֗ד בֵּ֤ין הָאָ֙רֶץ֙ וּבֵ֣ין הַשָּׁמַ֔יִם וְחַרְבּ֤וֹ שְׁלוּפָה֙ בְּיָד֔וֹ נְטוּיָ֖ה עַל־יְרוּשָׁלִָ֑ם
וַיִּפֹּ֨ל דָּוִ֧יד וְהַזְּקֵנִ֛ים מְכֻסִּ֥ים בַּשַּׂקִּ֖ים עַל־פְּנֵיהֶֽם
16 And David lifted up his eyes, and he saw the messenger of Yahweh standing between the earth and the heavens and his sword drawn in his hand stretched out over Jerusalem.
And David and the elders covered in sackcloth fell on their faces.
3c 4C 43
19
וַיֹּ֣אמֶר דָּוִ֣יד אֶֽל־הָאֱלֹהִ֡ים הֲלֹא֩ אֲנִ֨י אָמַ֜רְתִּי לִמְנ֣וֹת בָּעָ֗ם וַאֲנִי־ה֤וּא אֲשֶׁר־חָטָ֙אתִי֙ וְהָרֵ֣עַ הֲרֵע֔וֹתִי וְאֵ֥לֶּה הַצֹּ֖אן מֶ֣ה עָשׂ֑וּ
יְהוָ֣ה אֱלֹהַ֗י תְּהִ֨י נָ֤א יָֽדְךָ֙ בִּ֚י וּבְבֵ֣ית אָבִ֔י וּֽבְעַמְּךָ֖ לֹ֥א לְמַגֵּפָֽה
17 And David said to God, Is it not I who said to fathom the people? So I am he who has sinned, and done evil. But these, the flock, what have they done?
Yahweh my God, let be, if you will, your hand against me and against the house of my father, and not on your people that they should be plagued.
3e 4C 45
23
וּמַלְאַ֧ךְ יְהוָ֛ה אָמַ֥ר אֶל־גָּ֖ד לֵאמֹ֣ר לְדָוִ֑יד
כִּ֣י ׀ יַעֲלֶ֣ה דָוִ֗יד לְהָקִ֤ים מִזְבֵּ֙חַ֙ לַיהוָ֔ה בְּגֹ֖רֶן אָרְנָ֥ן הַיְבֻסִֽי
18 And the angel of Yahweh said to Gad to say to David,
that David go up to raise up an altar to Yahweh in the threshing-floor of I Shout With Joy the Jebusite.
3c 4C 14
22
וַיַּ֤עַל דָּוִיד֙ בִּדְבַר־גָּ֔ד אֲשֶׁ֥ר דִּבֶּ֖ר בְּשֵׁ֥ם יְהוָֽה 19 And David went up by the word of Gad who spoke in the name of Yahweh. 3e 4C 16
וַיָּ֣שָׁב אָרְנָ֗ן וַיַּרְא֙ אֶת־הַמַּלְאָ֔ךְ וְאַרְבַּ֧עַת בָּנָ֛יו עִמּ֖וֹ מִֽתְחַבְּאִ֑ים
וְאָרְנָ֖ן דָּ֥שׁ חִטִּֽים
20 And I Shout With Joy turned and he saw the angel, and his four children with him camouflaged themselves,
and I Shout With Joy was pounding wheat.
3c 4B 22
6
וַיָּבֹ֥א דָוִ֖יד עַד־אָרְנָ֑ן
וַיַּבֵּ֤ט אָרְנָן֙ וַיַּ֣רְא אֶת־דָּוִ֔יד וַיֵּצֵא֙ מִן־הַגֹּ֔רֶן וַיִּשְׁתַּ֧חוּ לְדָוִ֛יד אַפַּ֖יִם אָֽרְצָה
21 And David came to I Shout With Joy,
and I Shout With Joy took note, and he saw David and came forth from the threshing-floor, and he prostrated himself to David, nostrils earthward.
3c 4C 8
28
וַיֹּ֨אמֶר דָּוִ֜יד אֶל־אָרְנָ֗ן תְּנָה־לִּי֙ מְק֣וֹם הַגֹּ֔רֶן וְאֶבְנֶה־בּ֥וֹ מִזְבֵּ֖חַ לַיהוָ֑ה
בְּכֶ֤סֶף מָלֵא֙ תְּנֵ֣הוּ לִ֔י וְתֵעָצַ֥ר הַמַּגֵּפָ֖ה מֵעַ֥ל הָעָֽם
22 And David said to I Shout With Joy, Give me a place in the threshing-floor that I may build in it an altar to Yahweh.
For full silver you will give it to me, that the plague may be contained from over the people.
3e 4C 25
21
וַיֹּ֨אמֶר אָרְנָ֤ן אֶל־דָּוִיד֙ קַֽח־לָ֔ךְ וְיַ֛עַשׂ אֲדֹנִ֥י הַמֶּ֖לֶךְ הַטּ֣וֹב בְּעֵינָ֑יו
רְאֵה֩ נָתַ֨תִּי הַבָּקָ֜ר לָֽעֹל֗וֹת וְהַמּוֹרִגִּ֧ים לָעֵצִ֛ים וְהַחִטִּ֥ים לַמִּנְחָ֖ה הַכֹּ֥ל נָתָֽתִּי
23 And I Shout With Joy said to David, Take for yourself and let my Lord the king do what is good in his eyes.
See, I have given the oxen for burnt offerings, and the threshing instruments for wood, and the wheat for a gift. I have given it all.
3c 4C 24
31
וַיֹּ֨אמֶר הַמֶּ֤לֶךְ דָּוִיד֙ לְאָרְנָ֔ן לֹ֕א כִּֽי־קָנֹ֥ה אֶקְנֶ֖ה בְּכֶ֣סֶף מָלֵ֑א
כִּ֠י לֹא־אֶשָּׂ֤א אֲשֶׁר־לְךָ֙ לַיהוָ֔ה וְהַעֲל֥וֹת עוֹלָ֖ה חִנָּֽם
24 And king David said to I Shout With Joy, No, for the purchase I will buy for full silver,
for I will not lift up what is yours to Yahweh, and offer up a burnt offering for nothing.
3e 4C 21
17
וַיִּתֵּ֥ן דָּוִ֛יד לְאָרְנָ֖ן בַּמָּק֑וֹם
שִׁקְלֵ֣י זָהָ֔ב מִשְׁקָ֖ל שֵׁ֥שׁ מֵאֽוֹת
25 And David gave to I Shout With Joy for the place,
shekels of gold, six hundred weight.
3d 4B 11
9
וַיִּבֶן֩ שָׁ֨ם דָּוִ֤יד מִזְבֵּ֙חַ֙ לַיהוָ֔ה וַיַּ֥עַל עֹל֖וֹת וּשְׁלָמִ֑ים
וַיִּקְרָא֙ אֶל־יְהוָ֔ה וַיַּֽעֲנֵ֤הוּ בָאֵשׁ֙ מִן־הַשָּׁמַ֔יִם עַ֖ל מִזְבַּ֥ח הָעֹלָֽה
26 And David built there an altar to Yahweh, and he offered up burnt offerings and peace offerings,
and he called to Yahweh and he answered him in the fire from the heavens upon the altar of the burnt offering.
3e 4C 19
23
וַיֹּ֤אמֶר יְהוָה֙ לַמַּלְאָ֔ךְ וַיָּ֥שֶׁב חַרְבּ֖וֹ אֶל־נְדָנָֽהּ 27 And Yahweh talked to the angel, and he returned his sword to its sleeve. 3e 4C 17
בָּעֵ֣ת הַהִ֔יא בִּרְא֤וֹת דָּוִיד֙ כִּי־עָנָ֣הוּ יְהוָ֔ה בְּגֹ֖רֶן אָרְנָ֣ן הַיְבוּסִ֑י
וַיִּזְבַּ֖ח שָֽׁם
28 At that time when David saw that Yahweh answered at the threshing-floor of I Shout With Joy the Jebusite,
then he sacrificed there.
3e 4C 21
4
וּמִשְׁכַּ֣ן יְ֠הוָה אֲשֶׁר־עָשָׂ֨ה מֹשֶׁ֧ה בַמִּדְבָּ֛ר וּמִזְבַּ֥ח הָעוֹלָ֖ה בָּעֵ֣ת הַהִ֑יא
בַּבָּמָ֖ה בְּגִבְעֽוֹן
29 And the dwelling-place of Yahweh that Moses made in the wilderness, and the altar of the burnt offering at that time,
were in the high place of Gibeon.
3c 4B 24
6
וְלֹא־יָכֹ֥ל דָּוִ֛יד לָלֶ֥כֶת לְפָנָ֖יו לִדְרֹ֣שׁ אֱלֹהִ֑ים
כִּ֣י נִבְעַ֔ת מִפְּנֵ֕י חֶ֖רֶב מַלְאַ֥ךְ יְהוָֽה
30 And David could not go before it to search out God,
for he was alarmed in the presence of the sword of the angel of Yahweh.
3d 4B 16
11

Sunday, December 10, 2017

2 Samuel 24

You can look these places in the journey up (sort of) on a map. They start by travelling towards modern day Jordan through some places that are not identifiable, into the land of Dan north of Kinnereth, then further north to Sidon where they turn south to Tyre then way south to Beer-sheva, 100 or so km south of Jerusalem. I tried mapping it on Google maps - without much success.
 

A difficult journey today, and probably difficult in David's time as well.

Verse 1 - what was David doing? In the parallel 1 Chronicles 21, it is an accuser (Hebrew, Satan) who incites David. Could David  just want to 'number' (ספר) Israel. The verb here is מנה, portion, apportion, and in a few places (like Qohelet 1:15) I have used fathom. This seems to me to be a credible sin. Otherwise what's the problem with a census (ראשׁ a head count)?

In response to the request to fathom Joab visits and conscripts (פקד, also commonly visit). I have used this verb also in Numbers where tradition has number. As you can see, counting is represented by 4 different stems in the Hebrew. Hence my predicament when dealing with these, whatever they are, shades of 'meaning'.

It is not possible, by the way, to get answers to these kinds of puzzling questions from a 'study Bible'. Most of these simply assume the traditional glosses and fail even to point out the guesswork behind the scenes of the translations. They are about as good for what we need to know from the Bible as a Google map for an ancient journey.

2 Samuel 24 Fn Min Max Syll
וַיֹּ֙סֶף֙ אַף־יְהוָ֔ה לַחֲר֖וֹת בְּיִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל
וַיָּ֨סֶת אֶת־דָּוִ֤ד בָּהֶם֙ לֵאמֹ֔ר לֵ֛ךְ מְנֵ֥ה אֶת־יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל וְאֶת־יְהוּדָֽה
1 And again the anger of Yahweh burned in Israel,
and he incited David against them, saying, Go, fathom Israel and Judah.
3d 4C 13
22
וַיֹּ֨אמֶר הַמֶּ֜לֶךְ אֶל־יוֹאָ֣ב ׀ שַׂר־הַחַ֣יִל אֲשֶׁר־אִתּ֗וֹ שֽׁוּט־נָ֞א בְּכָל־שִׁבְטֵ֤י יִשְׂרָאֵל֙ מִדָּן֙ וְעַד־בְּאֵ֣ר שֶׁ֔בַע וּפִקְד֖וּ אֶת־הָעָ֑ם
וְיָ֣דַעְתִּ֔י אֵ֖ת מִסְפַּ֥ר הָעָֽם
2 And the king said to Joab, chief of the force that was with him, Rove please among all the sceptres of Israel from Dan and to Beer-Sheva, and conscript the people,
so I may know the count of the people.
3e 4C 40
9
וַיֹּ֨אמֶר יוֹאָ֜ב אֶל־הַמֶּ֗לֶךְ וְיוֹסֵ֣ף יְהוָה֩ אֱלֹהֶ֨יךָ אֶל־הָעָ֜ם כָּהֵ֤ם ׀ וְכָהֵם֙ מֵאָ֣ה פְעָמִ֔ים וְעֵינֵ֥י אֲדֹנִֽי־הַמֶּ֖לֶךְ רֹא֑וֹת
וַאדֹנִ֣י הַמֶּ֔לֶךְ לָ֥מָּה חָפֵ֖ץ בַּדָּבָ֥ר הַזֶּֽה
3 And Joab said to the king, May Yahweh your God add to the people as they are, and a hundred times as they are and let the eyes of my Lord the king see,
but why does my lord the king delight in this matter?
3e 4C 41
15
וַיֶּחֱזַ֤ק דְּבַר־הַמֶּ֙לֶךְ֙ אֶל־יוֹאָ֔ב וְעַ֖ל שָׂרֵ֣י הֶחָ֑יִל
וַיֵּצֵ֨א יוֹאָ֜ב וְשָׂרֵ֤י הַחַ֙יִל֙ לִפְנֵ֣י הַמֶּ֔לֶךְ לִפְקֹ֥ד אֶת־הָעָ֖ם אֶת־יִשְׂרָאֵֽל
4 But the word of the king was resolute to Joab and against the chiefs of the force,
and Joab and the chiefs of the force went out, in the presence of the king, to conscript the people, Israel.
3e 4C 19
25
וַיַּעַבְר֖וּ אֶת־הַיַּרְדֵּ֑ן
וַיַּחֲנ֣וּ בַעֲרוֹעֵ֗ר יְמִ֥ין הָעִ֛יר אֲשֶׁ֛ר בְּתוֹךְ־הַנַּ֥חַל הַגָּ֖ד וְאֶל־יַעְזֵֽר
5 And they crossed over at the Jordan,
and encamped at Aroer on the right hand of the city that is in the midst of the wadi of Gad, and toward Yazer.
3d 4B 8
25
וַיָּבֹ֙אוּ֙ הַגִּלְעָ֔דָה וְאֶל־אֶ֥רֶץ תַּחְתִּ֖ים חָדְשִׁ֑י
וַיָּבֹ֙אוּ֙ דָּ֣נָה יַּ֔עַן וְסָבִ֖יב אֶל־צִידֽוֹן
6 And they came toward the Gilead and to the land of lowest new moon [Txtymhodshy],
and they came towards Dan (because) [Dan-Yeem] and round about to Sidon.
3e 4B 15
13
וַיָּבֹ֙אוּ֙ מִבְצַר־צֹ֔ר וְכָל־עָרֵ֥י הַחִוִּ֖י וְהַֽכְּנַעֲנִ֑י
וַיֵּֽצְא֛וּ אֶל־נֶ֥גֶב יְהוּדָ֖ה בְּאֵ֥ר שָֽׁבַע
7 And they came the enclosure of Tyre, and all the cities of the Hivite and the Canaanite,
and they went forth to the south of Judah, Beer-Sheva.
3d 4A 18
13
וַיָּשֻׁ֖טוּ בְּכָל־הָאָ֑רֶץ
וַיָּבֹ֜אוּ מִקְצֵ֨ה תִשְׁעָ֧ה חֳדָשִׁ֛ים וְעֶשְׂרִ֥ים י֖וֹם יְרוּשָׁלִָֽם
8 And they held out in all the land,
and came at the culmination of nine months and twenty days to Jerusalem.
3c 4A 9
18
וַיִּתֵּ֥ן יוֹאָ֛ב אֶת־מִסְפַּ֥ר מִפְקַד־הָעָ֖ם אֶל־הַמֶּ֑לֶךְ
וַתְּהִ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֡ל שְׁמֹנֶה֩ מֵא֨וֹת אֶ֤לֶף אִֽישׁ־חַ֙יִל֙ שֹׁ֣לֵֽף חֶ֔רֶב וְאִ֣ישׁ יְהוּדָ֔ה חֲמֵשׁ־מֵא֥וֹת אֶ֖לֶף אִֽישׁ
9 And Joab gave the count of the conscription of the people to the king.
And there were in Israel eight hundred thousand men of ability that drew a sword, and those of Judah, five hundred thousand men.
3d 4C 16
31
וַיַּ֤ךְ לֵב־דָּוִד֙ אֹת֔וֹ אַחֲרֵי־כֵ֖ן סָפַ֣ר אֶת־הָעָ֑ם
וַיֹּ֨אמֶר דָּוִ֜ד אֶל־יְהוָ֗ה חָטָ֤אתִי מְאֹד֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר עָשִׂ֔יתִי וְעַתָּ֣ה יְהוָ֔ה הַֽעֲבֶר־נָא֙ אֶת־עֲוֺ֣ן עַבְדְּךָ֔ כִּ֥י נִסְכַּ֖לְתִּי מְאֹֽד
10 And the heart of David struck him after so counting the people,
and David said to Yahweh, I have sinned excessively in what I have done, and now Yahweh, let pass please the iniquity of your servant, for I have been excessively silly.
3e 4C 16
39
וַיָּ֥קָם דָּוִ֖ד בַּבֹּ֑קֶר
וּדְבַר־יְהוָ֗ה הָיָה֙ אֶל־גָּ֣ד הַנָּבִ֔יא חֹזֵ֥ה דָוִ֖ד לֵאמֹֽר
11 And David arose in the morning,
and the word of Yahweh happened to Gad the prophet, the visionary for David, saying,
3e 4B 8
17
הָל֞וֹךְ וְדִבַּרְתָּ֣ אֶל־דָּוִ֗ד כֹּ֚ה אָמַ֣ר יְהוָ֔ה שָׁלֹ֕שׁ אָנֹכִ֖י נוֹטֵ֣ל עָלֶ֑יךָ
בְּחַר־לְךָ֥ אַֽחַת־מֵהֶ֖ם וְאֶֽעֱשֶׂה־לָּֽךְ
12 Go and speak to David, Thus says Yahweh, Three I will tolerate over you.
Chose one of them for you, that I will undertake for you.
3e 4C 24
13
וַיָּבֹא־גָ֥ד אֶל־דָּוִ֖ד וַיַּגֶּד־ל֑וֹ
וַיֹּ֣אמֶר ל֡וֹ הֲתָב֣וֹא לְךָ֣ שֶֽׁבַע שָׁנִ֣ים ׀ רָעָ֣ב ׀ בְּאַרְצֶ֡ךָ אִם־שְׁלֹשָׁ֣ה חֳ֠דָשִׁים נֻסְךָ֨ לִפְנֵֽי־צָרֶ֜יךָ וְה֣וּא רֹדְפֶ֗ךָ וְאִם־הֱ֠יוֹת שְׁלֹ֨שֶׁת יָמִ֥ים דֶּ֙בֶר֙ בְּאַרְצֶ֔ךָ עַתָּה֙ דַּ֣ע וּרְאֵ֔ה מָה־אָשִׁ֥יב שֹׁלְחִ֖י דָּבָֽר
13 So Gad came to David and made it clear to him,
and said to him, Will seven years of famine come to you in your land, or three months you withdraw before your foes while he pursues you, or will there be three days pestilence in your land? Now acknowledge and see. What word will I return to him who sent me?
3e 4B 11
64
וַיֹּ֧אמֶר דָּוִ֛ד אֶל־גָּ֖ד צַר־לִ֣י מְאֹ֑ד
נִפְּלָה־נָּ֤א בְיַד־יְהוָה֙ כִּֽי־רַבִּ֣ים רַֽחֲמָ֔יו וּבְיַד־אָדָ֖ם אַל־אֶפֹּֽלָה
14 And David said to Gad, My troubles are excessive.
Let us fall, please, into the hand of Yahweh, for many are his compassions, and into the hand of humanity let me not fall.
3c 4C 11
20
וַיִּתֵּ֨ן יְהוָ֥ה דֶּ֙בֶר֙ בְּיִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל מֵהַבֹּ֖קֶר וְעַד־עֵ֣ת מוֹעֵ֑ד
וַיָּ֣מָת מִן־הָעָ֗ם מִדָּן֙ וְעַד־בְּאֵ֣ר שֶׁ֔בַע שִׁבְעִ֥ים אֶ֖לֶף אִֽישׁ
15 And Yahweh gave a pestilence on Israel, from the morning and to an appointed time,
and there died from the people, from Dan and to Beer-Sheva, seventy thousand men.
3e 4B 20
19
וַיִּשְׁלַח֩ יָד֨וֹ הַמַּלְאָ֥ךְ ׀ יְרֽוּשָׁלִַם֮ לְשַׁחֲתָהּ֒ וַיִּנָּ֤חֶם יְהוָה֙ אֶל־הָ֣רָעָ֔ה וַ֠יֹּאמֶר לַמַּלְאָ֞ךְ הַמַּשְׁחִ֤ית בָּעָם֙ רַ֔ב עַתָּ֖ה הֶ֣רֶף יָדֶ֑ךָ
וּמַלְאַ֤ךְ יְהוָה֙ הָיָ֔ה עִם־גֹּ֖רֶן הָאֲרַ֥וְנָה הַיְבֻסִֽי
16 And the angel extended his hand to Jerusalem to destroy, and Yahweh sighed at the evil, and said to the angel, the destroyer among the people, Too much now. Let your hand desist.
And the angel of Yahweh was beside the threshing-floor of Aravnah the Jebusite.
3e 4C 45
17
וַיֹּאמֶר֩ דָּוִ֨ד אֶל־יְהוָ֜ה בִּרְאֹת֣וֹ ׀ אֶֽת־הַמַּלְאָ֣ךְ ׀ הַמַּכֶּ֣ה בָעָ֗ם וַיֹּ֙אמֶר֙ הִנֵּ֨ה אָנֹכִ֤י חָטָ֙אתִי֙ וְאָנֹכִ֣י הֶעֱוֵ֔יתִי וְאֵ֥לֶּה הַצֹּ֖אן מֶ֣ה עָשׂ֑וּ
תְּהִ֨י נָ֥א יָדְךָ֛ בִּ֖י וּבְבֵ֥ית אָבִֽי
17 And David said to Yahweh when he saw the angel of striking among the people, and he said, Behold I, I have sinned, and I myself have been perverse, but these, the flock, what have they done?
Let be, if you will, your hand against me, and against the house of my father.
3d 4C 47
10
וַיָּבֹא־גָ֥ד אֶל־דָּוִ֖ד בַּיּ֣וֹם הַה֑וּא
וַיֹּ֣אמֶר ל֗וֹ עֲלֵה֙ הָקֵ֤ם לַֽיהוָה֙ מִזְבֵּ֔חַ בְּגֹ֖רֶן אֲרַ֥וְנָה הַיְבֻסִֽי
18 So Gad came to David in that day and said to him. Go up. Raise up for Yahweh an altar on the threshing-floor of Aravnah the Jebusite. 3e 4C 11
22
וַיַּ֤עַל דָּוִד֙ כִּדְבַר־גָּ֔ד כַּאֲשֶׁ֖ר צִוָּ֥ה יְהוָֽה 19 And David went up according to the word of Gad as Yahweh commanded. 3e 4C 15
וַיַּשְׁקֵ֣ף אֲרַ֗וְנָה וַיַּ֤רְא אֶת־הַמֶּ֙לֶךְ֙ וְאֶת־עֲבָדָ֔יו עֹבְרִ֖ים עָלָ֑יו
וַיֵּצֵ֣א אֲרַ֔וְנָה וַיִּשְׁתַּ֧חוּ לַמֶּ֛לֶךְ אַפָּ֖יו אָֽרְצָה
20 And Aravnah leaned over to look and he saw the king and his servants crossing to him,
and Aravnah went out and he prostrated himself to the king, his nose earthward.
3c 4C 21
17
וַיֹּ֣אמֶר אֲרַ֔וְנָה מַדּ֛וּעַ בָּ֥א אֲדֹנִֽי־הַמֶּ֖לֶךְ אֶל־עַבְדּ֑וֹ
וַיֹּ֨אמֶר דָּוִ֜ד לִקְנ֧וֹת מֵעִמְּךָ֣ אֶת־הַגֹּ֗רֶן לִבְנ֤וֹת מִזְבֵּ֙חַ֙ לַֽיהוָ֔ה וְתֵעָצַ֥ר הַמַּגֵּפָ֖ה מֵעַ֥ל הָעָֽם
21 And Aravnah said, Why has my Lord the king come to his servant?
And David said, To buy from you the threshing-floor to build an altar to Yahweh, that the plague may be contained from over the people.
3c 4C 18
33
וַיֹּ֤אמֶר אֲרַ֙וְנָה֙ אֶל־דָּוִ֔ד יִקַּ֥ח וְיַ֛עַל אֲדֹנִ֥י הַמֶּ֖לֶךְ הַטּ֣וֹב בְּעֵינָ֑יו
רְאֵה֙ הַבָּקָ֣ר לָעֹלָ֔ה וְהַמֹּרִגִּ֛ים וּכְלֵ֥י הַבָּקָ֖ר לָעֵצִֽים
22 And Aravnah said to David, Let my Lord the king take and offer up of what is good in his eyes.
See the oxen for the burnt offering, and threshing instruments and vessels of the oxen, for wood.
3d 4C 25
21
הַכֹּ֗ל נָתַ֛ן אֲרַ֥וְנָה הַמֶּ֖לֶךְ לַמֶּ֑לֶךְ
וַיֹּ֤אמֶר אֲרַ֙וְנָה֙ אֶל־הַמֶּ֔לֶךְ יְהוָ֥ה אֱלֹהֶ֖יךָ יִרְצֶֽךָ
23 The whole Aravnah gave to the king for the king.
And Aravnah said to the king, Yahweh your God accept you.
3d 4C 13
19
וַיֹּ֨אמֶר הַמֶּ֜לֶךְ אֶל־אֲרַ֗וְנָה לֹ֚א כִּֽי־קָנ֨וֹ אֶקְנֶ֤ה מֵאֽוֹתְךָ֙ בִּמְחִ֔יר וְלֹ֧א אַעֲלֶ֛ה לַיהוָ֥ה אֱלֹהַ֖י עֹל֣וֹת חִנָּ֑ם
וַיִּ֨קֶן דָּוִ֤ד אֶת־הַגֹּ֙רֶן֙ וְאֶת־הַבָּקָ֔ר בְּכֶ֖סֶף שְׁקָלִ֥ים חֲמִשִּֽׁים
24 And the king said to Aravnah, No, for buying, I will buy from you at a price, for I should not offer up to Yahweh my God burnt offerings for nothing.
And David bought the threshing-floor and the oxen with fifty shekels of silver.
3c 4C 34
23
וַיִּבֶן֩ שָׁ֨ם דָּוִ֤ד מִזְבֵּ֙חַ֙ לַֽיהוָ֔ה וַיַּ֥עַל עֹל֖וֹת וּשְׁלָמִ֑ים
וַיֵּעָתֵ֤ר יְהוָה֙ לָאָ֔רֶץ וַתֵּעָצַ֥ר הַמַּגֵּפָ֖ה מֵעַ֥ל יִשְׂרָאֵֽל
25 And David built there an altar to Yahweh, and he offered up burnt offerings and peace offerings,
and Yahweh was petitioned for the land and the plague was contained from over Israel.
3e 4C 19
22

Friday, December 8, 2017

Targets

People often ask, Where should I start to read the Hebrew Bible?

Ha! If there ever was a loaded question that's it. Why should you read, why would you want to, what will we do with the choices, all bound up in a 'where should I start' question.

I am now looking for a lottery on where will I finish. Even one on the odds of finishing. C'mon bookmakers, do a lottery and give me a cut. Somehow, I doubt it.

But here's the chapters left by book. So how will I finish - with a gradual sweep or a book at a time?

Book chapters left
Dec 12
out of 
Torah Genesis 25 50
Exodus 8 40
Leviticus 7 27
Numbers 16 36
Deuteronomy 6 34
Former Prophets Joshua 9 24
Judges 16 21
1 Samuel 18 31
2 Samuel 18 24
1 Kings 10 22
2 Kings 9 25
Later Prophets Isaiah 28 66
Jeremiah 20 52
Ezekiel 28 48
Other Daniel 9 12
Ezra 7 10
Nehemiah 11 13
1 Chronicles 21 29
2 Chronicles 19 36

So far I have done specific groups of books completely. I think it was important to have begun with the Psalms, and to have done the five scrolls. I think Deuteronomy should be completed. I suspect it is another key to the formation of the history. Samuel, Kings and Chronicles will support each other. As one chapter is done, its parallel passages will be guessed. The final section lags the others.

Overall, both more and less detail at once:
Books Chapters Verses by vs Chapters 'Done' Verses compl ch Words compl ch weeks left % 'done' by ch
1 Torah 187 5853 25% 125 3847 52943 16.7 66.8%
2 Former Prophets 147 4317 19% 67 1902 30827 20.1 45.6%
3 Later Prophets 166 3928 17% 90 1911 29184 16.8 54.2%
4 The 12 67 1050 5% 67 1050 14357 0.0 100.0%
5 Books of Truth 223 4512 19% 223 4512 34841 0.0 100.0%
6 The 5 Scrolls 39 745 3% 39 745 10118 0.0 100.0%
7 Other 100 2791 12% 33 742 11252 17.1 33.0%
Totals 929 23196 100% 644 14,709 183,522 70.7 69.3%

Leviticus 18

It is not surprising that Leviticus 18 would be 60% guessed after Leviticus 20 was done. It should have been higher but I had some confusion in the stems of chapter 18. After sorting this out I see that the two chapters share 80% of their words.

The subjects are similar and they surround Leviticus 19. [Not the middle chapter of this middle book. I mistakenly thought there were 37 chapters in Leviticus - but I am thankful there are only 27. There are 37 verses in chapter 19 which I was working on at that confused time.] Nonetheless, circular structures like this abound as a feature of Biblical literature.

The first thing I noted when reading the beginning of this chapter (v 5) is the use of a 6 word phrase that we found in Ezekiel 20. (אֲשֶׁ֨ר יַעֲשֶׂ֥ה אוֹתָ֛ם הָאָדָ֖ם וָחַ֥י בָּהֶֽם The human that does them will live in them.)

Verse 6 is contorted. The Hebrew word order is very awkward in English. This is because it is more 'natural' (and when was my English ever such?) to phrase it in the negative. And it is third personal indirect speech and then suddenly switches to a direct second person plural verb.

Leviticus 18 Fn Min Max Syll
וַיְדַבֵּ֥ר יְהוָ֖ה אֶל־מֹשֶׁ֥ה לֵּאמֹֽר 1 And Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying, 3e 3g 10
דַּבֵּר֙ אֶל־בְּנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל וְאָמַרְתָּ֖ אֲלֵהֶ֑ם
אֲנִ֖י יְהוָ֥ה אֱלֹהֵיכֶֽם
2 Speak to the children of Israel and say to them,
I am Yahweh your God.
3e 4B 15
8
כְּמַעֲשֵׂ֧ה אֶֽרֶץ־מִצְרַ֛יִם אֲשֶׁ֥ר יְשַׁבְתֶּם־בָּ֖הּ לֹ֣א תַעֲשׂ֑וּ
וּכְמַעֲשֵׂ֣ה אֶֽרֶץ־כְּנַ֡עַן אֲשֶׁ֣ר אֲנִי֩ מֵבִ֨יא אֶתְכֶ֥ם שָׁ֙מָּה֙ לֹ֣א תַעֲשׂ֔וּ וּבְחֻקֹּתֵיהֶ֖ם לֹ֥א תֵלֵֽכוּ
3 What is done in the land of Egypt where you were settled you will not do,
and what is done in the land of Canaan where I am bringing you, you will not do, and in their statutes you will not walk.
3c 4B 18
32
אֶת־מִשְׁפָּטַ֧י תַּעֲשׂ֛וּ וְאֶת־חֻקֹּתַ֥י תִּשְׁמְר֖וּ לָלֶ֣כֶת בָּהֶ֑ם
אֲנִ֖י יְהוָ֥ה אֱלֹהֵיכֶֽם
4 My judgments you will do, and my statutes you will keep to walk in them.
I am Yahweh your God.
3c 4B 20
8
וּשְׁמַרְתֶּ֤ם אֶת־חֻקֹּתַי֙ וְאֶת־מִשְׁפָּטַ֔י אֲשֶׁ֨ר יַעֲשֶׂ֥ה אֹתָ֛ם הָאָדָ֖ם וָחַ֣י בָּהֶ֑ם
אֲנִ֖י יְהוָֽה
5 And you will keep my statutes and my judgments. (The human that does them will live in them.)
I am Yahweh.
3d 4C 26
4
אִ֥ישׁ אִישׁ֙ אֶל־כָּל־שְׁאֵ֣ר בְּשָׂר֔וֹ לֹ֥א תִקְרְב֖וּ לְגַלּ֣וֹת עֶרְוָ֑ה
אֲנִ֖י יְהוָֽה
6 f No person of you to any near relation of their flesh will approach to uncover nakedness.
I am Yahweh.
3e 4B 18
4
עֶרְוַ֥ת אָבִ֛יךָ וְעֶרְוַ֥ת אִמְּךָ֖ לֹ֣א תְגַלֵּ֑ה
אִמְּךָ֣ הִ֔וא לֹ֥א תְגַלֶּ֖ה עֶרְוָתָֽהּ
7 The nakedness of your father and the nakedness of your mother, you will not uncover.
Your mother she is. You will not uncover her nakedness.
3d 4B 14
10
עֶרְוַ֥ת אֵֽשֶׁת־אָבִ֖יךָ לֹ֣א תְגַלֵּ֑ה
עֶרְוַ֥ת אָבִ֖יךָ הִֽוא
8 The nakedness of the wife of your father you will not uncover.
The nakedness of your father, it is.
3e 4B 11
6
עֶרְוַ֨ת אֲחֽוֹתְךָ֤ בַת־אָבִ֙יךָ֙ א֣וֹ בַת־אִמֶּ֔ךָ מוֹלֶ֣דֶת בַּ֔יִת א֖וֹ מוֹלֶ֣דֶת ח֑וּץ
לֹ֥א תְגַלֶּ֖ה עֶרְוָתָֽן
9 The nakedness of your sister, a daughter of your father, or a daughter of your mother, born of the house or born outside,
you will not uncover their nakedness.
3e 4C 24
7
עֶרְוַ֤ת בַּת־בִּנְךָ֙ א֣וֹ בַֽת־בִּתְּךָ֔ לֹ֥א תְגַלֶּ֖ה עֶרְוָתָ֑ן
כִּ֥י עֶרְוָתְךָ֖ הֵֽנָּה
10 The nakedness of a daughter of your son or a daughter your daughter, you will not uncover their nakedness,
for your nakedness they are.
3e 4C 16
6
עֶרְוַ֨ת בַּת־אֵ֤שֶׁת אָבִ֙יךָ֙ מוֹלֶ֣דֶת אָבִ֔יךָ אֲחוֹתְךָ֖ הִ֑וא
לֹ֥א תְגַלֶּ֖ה עֶרְוָתָֽהּ
11 The nakedness of a daughter of the wife of your father born of your father, your sister she is.
You will not uncover her nakedness.
3e 4C 18
7
עֶרְוַ֥ת אֲחוֹת־אָבִ֖יךָ לֹ֣א תְגַלֵּ֑ה
שְׁאֵ֥ר אָבִ֖יךָ הִֽוא
12 The nakedness of a sister of your father you will not uncover.
A near relation of your father she is.
3e 4B 11
6
עֶרְוַ֥ת אֲחֽוֹת־אִמְּךָ֖ לֹ֣א תְגַלֵּ֑ה
כִּֽי־שְׁאֵ֥ר אִמְּךָ֖ הִֽוא
13 The nakedness of a sister of your mother, you will not uncover,
because a near relation of your mother she is.
3e 4B 10
6
עֶרְוַ֥ת אֲחִֽי־אָבִ֖יךָ לֹ֣א תְגַלֵּ֑ה
אֶל־אִשְׁתּוֹ֙ לֹ֣א תִקְרָ֔ב דֹּדָֽתְךָ֖ הִֽוא
14 The nakedness of a brother of your father you will not uncover.
To his wife you will not approach. Your aunt she is.
3e 4B 10
10
עֶרְוַ֥ת כַּלָּֽתְךָ֖ לֹ֣א תְגַלֵּ֑ה
אֵ֤שֶׁת בִּנְךָ֙ הִ֔וא לֹ֥א תְגַלֶּ֖ה עֶרְוָתָֽהּ
15 The nakedness of your daughter-in-law you will not uncover.
The wife of your son she is. You will not uncover her nakedness.
3e 4C 9
12
עֶרְוַ֥ת אֵֽשֶׁת־אָחִ֖יךָ לֹ֣א תְגַלֵּ֑ה
עֶרְוַ֥ת אָחִ֖יךָ הִֽוא
16 The nakedness of the wife of your brother you will not uncover.
The nakedness of your brother it is.
3e 4B 11
6
עֶרְוַ֥ת אִשָּׁ֛ה וּבִתָּ֖הּ לֹ֣א תְגַלֵּ֑ה
אֶֽת־בַּת־בְּנָ֞הּ וְאֶת־בַּת־בִּתָּ֗הּ לֹ֤א תִקַּח֙ לְגַלּ֣וֹת עֶרְוָתָ֔הּ שַׁאֲרָ֥ה הֵ֖נָּה זִמָּ֥ה הִֽוא
17 The nakedness of a woman and her daughter you will not uncover, the daughter of her son, or the daughter of her daughter you will not take to uncover her nakedness.
Her near relation they are. Scheming it is.
3d 4C 11
26
וְאִשָּׁ֥ה אֶל־אֲחֹתָ֖הּ לֹ֣א תִקָּ֑ח
לִצְרֹ֗ר לְגַלּ֧וֹת עֶרְוָתָ֛הּ עָלֶ֖יהָ בְּחַיֶּֽיהָ
18 And a woman with her sister, you will not take,
as an adversary, to uncover her nakedness with her, in her lifetime.
3c 4B 10
15
וְאֶל־אִשָּׁ֖ה בְּנִדַּ֣ת טֻמְאָתָ֑הּ
לֹ֣א תִקְרַ֔ב לְגַלּ֖וֹת עֶרְוָתָֽהּ
19 And to a woman in the segregation of her uncleanness, you will not approach to uncover her nakedness. 3e 4B 10
9
וְאֶל־אֵ֙שֶׁת֙ עֲמִֽיתְךָ֔ לֹא־תִתֵּ֥ן שְׁכָבְתְּךָ֖ לְזָ֑רַע
לְטָמְאָה־בָֽהּ
20 And with the wife of your fellow, you will not give your emission of seed,
to be defiled in it.
3e 4A 16
4
וּמִֽזַּרְעֲךָ֥ לֹא־תִתֵּ֖ן לְהַעֲבִ֣יר לַמֹּ֑לֶךְ
וְלֹ֧א תְחַלֵּ֛ל אֶת־שֵׁ֥ם אֱלֹהֶ֖יךָ אֲנִ֥י יְהוָֽה
21 And you will not give from your seed to pass through for Moloch,
and you will not profane the name of your God. I am Yahweh.
3c 4B 14
15
וְאֶ֨ת־זָכָ֔ר לֹ֥א תִשְׁכַּ֖ב מִשְׁכְּבֵ֣י אִשָּׁ֑ה
תּוֹעֵבָ֖ה הִֽוא
22 And with a male you will not lie down as the lying down of a woman.
An abomination it is.
3e 4B 12
4
וּבְכָל־בְּהֵמָ֛ה לֹא־תִתֵּ֥ן שְׁכָבְתְּךָ֖ לְטָמְאָה־בָ֑הּ
וְאִשָּׁ֗ה לֹֽא־תַעֲמֹ֞ד לִפְנֵ֧י בְהֵמָ֛ה לְרִבְעָ֖הּ תֶּ֥בֶל הֽוּא
23 nor in any beast will you give your emission, to be defiled in it.
Nor will a woman stand before a beast to copulate. Mayhem it is.
3c 4A 15
17
אַל־תִּֽטַּמְּא֖וּ בְּכָל־אֵ֑לֶּה
כִּ֤י בְכָל־אֵ֙לֶּה֙ נִטְמְא֣וּ הַגּוֹיִ֔ם אֲשֶׁר־אֲנִ֥י מְשַׁלֵּ֖חַ מִפְּנֵיכֶֽם
24 Do not become unclean in any of these,
for in all these the nations are unclean that I, I send out from your presence.
3e 4C 8
22
וַתִּטְמָ֣א הָאָ֔רֶץ וָאֶפְקֹ֥ד עֲוֺנָ֖הּ עָלֶ֑יהָ
וַתָּקִ֥א הָאָ֖רֶץ אֶת־יֹשְׁבֶֽיהָ
25 And the land is defiled and I visit its iniquity on it,
and the land vomits those inhabiting it.
3e 4B 15
10
וּשְׁמַרְתֶּ֣ם אַתֶּ֗ם אֶת־חֻקֹּתַי֙ וְאֶת־מִשְׁפָּטַ֔י וְלֹ֣א תַעֲשׂ֔וּ מִכֹּ֥ל הַתּוֹעֵבֹ֖ת הָאֵ֑לֶּה
הָֽאֶזְרָ֔ח וְהַגֵּ֖ר הַגָּ֥ר בְּתוֹכְכֶֽם
26 And you yourselves will keep my statutes and my judgments, and will not do from any of these abominations,
the native born or the guest residing in your midst.
3e 4B 28
11
כִּ֚י אֶת־כָּל־הַתּוֹעֵבֹ֣ת הָאֵ֔ל עָשׂ֥וּ אַנְשֵֽׁי־הָאָ֖רֶץ אֲשֶׁ֣ר לִפְנֵיכֶ֑ם
וַתִּטְמָ֖א הָאָֽרֶץ
27 C Because all these abominations those of the land have done who were before you,
and the land is defiled.
3e 4C 20
6
וְלֹֽא־תָקִ֤יא הָאָ֙רֶץ֙ אֶתְכֶ֔ם בְּטַֽמַּאֲכֶ֖ם אֹתָ֑הּ
כַּאֲשֶׁ֥ר קָאָ֛ה אֶת־הַגּ֖וֹי אֲשֶׁ֥ר לִפְנֵיכֶֽם
28 And the land will not vomit you out when you defile it,
as it vomited out the nation that was before you.
3d 4C 15
14
כִּ֚י כָּל־אֲשֶׁ֣ר יַעֲשֶׂ֔ה מִכֹּ֥ל הַתּוֹעֵב֖וֹת הָאֵ֑לֶּה
וְנִכְרְת֛וּ הַנְּפָשׁ֥וֹת הָעֹשֹׂ֖ת מִקֶּ֥רֶב עַמָּֽם
29 C Because anyone that does from any of these abominations,
the groups doing such will be cut off from within their people.
3d 4C 16
15
וּשְׁמַרְתֶּ֣ם אֶת־מִשְׁמַרְתִּ֗י לְבִלְתִּ֨י עֲשׂ֜וֹת מֵחֻקּ֤וֹת הַתּֽוֹעֵבֹת֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר נַעֲשׂ֣וּ לִפְנֵיכֶ֔ם וְלֹ֥א תִֽטַּמְּא֖וּ בָּהֶ֑ם
אֲנִ֖י יְהוָ֥ה אֱלֹהֵיכֶֽם
30 And you will keep my watch, so as not to do from the statutes of the abominations that were done before you, and you will not become unclean by them.
I am Yahweh your God.
3e 4C 34
8
Verse 18 to = in addition to, i.e. with (Milgrom p. 1548). Another preposition where one for one relations between languages is impossible. Here are my results mid way through this chapter for אל as a preposition. To clearly predominates but some English phrases cannot use to for various reasons.

אל about (2) against (43) at (41) by (15) concerning (1) even to (1) for (37) from (1) in (29) into (74) of (8) on (47) onto (9) over (4) over against (1) these (2) those (3) though (2) though to (1) to (3,868) to attention (1) to the god of (1) to those (1) toward (4) untranslated (102) upon (3) with (28)

compare with על. Here on and over predominate, but the spread is greater among all the candidate glosses.

על about (47) above (41) after (9) against (267) along (1) as above (2) as for (1) at (61) away from (14) based on (1) before (3) beside (5) by (92) by ... (1) concerning (88) for (102) for in (1) for over (1) from (108) from above (1) from off (28) from over (16) in (144) into (16) of (5) on (1,012) on something (1) onto (25) out of (5) over (1,108) over above (1) per (3) since (2) the above (1) there for (1) though (2) through (1) to (233) toward (1) towards (2) unto (4) untranslated (166) up to (1) upon (151) with (33) within (2)

curious eh?

Thursday, December 7, 2017

Leviticus 20

I was so tempted to allow set my face against as a gloss for נתן followed by את פנה ב (verse 3 and elsewhere) and then I see the stem שום that I use as set used with את פנה, (verse 4) so I am happy to keep the distinction in English since both phrases are used in Hebrew.

In this chapter we have the rationale for clean and unclean: differentiation בדל, the ability to distinguish things that are different. This reflects the language of Genesis 1. The sequence is: perception of the differentiation, holiness since Yahweh is holy, and finally belonging, verse 26, that you would be mine. (So reflecting the Song.)

חסד occurs in verse 17. Milgrom (Leviticus p. 1754) allows three instances of this homonym, disgrace, for the word. Here Proverbs 14:34 and Proverbs 25:9-10. This seems to me to be too few occurrences to justify a homonym. Proverbs 25:10 perhaps can allow the gloss reprimand. Here in Leviticus I am struck by the usage in verse 17, and reminded of a suggestion to render חסד as reproof. I ran this by another Hebraist this morning and he simply said, No. I had already removed any use of this gloss for kindness some months ago. But there are puzzles here. Not least are the differences of opinion I find among those who know the tongue far better than I. I started this project very late in life and I had learned in my early lives by the most tortuous of paths. (Perhaps there are no paths that are straightforward. We live and learn in a jungle.)

I hope to do more work with Milgrom over the next 4 months. This will probably result in some changes. But in this case I have refused the homonym for the moment and probably for ever. With the power and the distortion of sexuality in humanity, it is not surprising that the ultimate gift is confused. Mercy and kindness are not confused. Nonetheless exploitation, self-interest, and unequal relationships are deadly in this area as in others.

V 25 Milgrom: you will not defile your throats. (נפשׁ)
Scheming, there is an inequality here and in a multi dimensional household, scheming (זמם) might well be an appropriate translation. No need to impose a homonym. (This my original thought process is supported by Milgrom p 1548.) I am not as far off as I might think.

Leviticus 20 Fn Min Max Syll
וַיְדַבֵּ֥ר יְהוָ֖ה אֶל־מֹשֶׁ֥ה לֵּאמֹֽר 1 And Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying, 3e 3g 10
וְאֶל־בְּנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֘ל תֹּאמַר֒ אִ֣ישׁ אִישׁ֩ מִבְּנֵ֨י יִשְׂרָאֵ֜ל וּמִן־הַגֵּ֣ר ׀ הַגָּ֣ר בְּיִשְׂרָאֵ֗ל אֲשֶׁ֨ר יִתֵּ֧ן מִזַּרְע֛וֹ לַמֹּ֖לֶךְ מ֣וֹת יוּמָ֑ת
עַ֥ם הָאָ֖רֶץ יִרְגְּמֻ֥הוּ בָאָֽבֶן
2 And to the children of Israel you will say, Any person among the children of Israel or from the guest residing in Israel, who will give from his seed to Moloch will be put to death.
The people of the land will crowd him with stone.
3c 4B 39
11
וַאֲנִ֞י אֶתֵּ֤ן אֶת־פָּנַי֙ בָּאִ֣ישׁ הַה֔וּא וְהִכְרַתִּ֥י אֹת֖וֹ מִקֶּ֣רֶב עַמּ֑וֹ
כִּ֤י מִזַּרְעוֹ֙ נָתַ֣ן לַמֹּ֔לֶךְ לְמַ֗עַן טַמֵּא֙ אֶת־מִקְדָּשִׁ֔י וּלְחַלֵּ֖ל אֶת־שֵׁ֥ם קָדְשִֽׁי
3 And I, I will position my face against that person and I will cut him off from near his people,
for from his seed he gave to Moloch in order to defile my sanctuary and to profane my holy name.
3e 4C 23
25
וְאִ֡ם הַעְלֵ֣ם יַעְלִימֽוּ֩ עַ֨ם הָאָ֜רֶץ אֶת־עֵֽינֵיהֶם֙ מִן־הָאִ֣ישׁ הַה֔וּא בְּתִתּ֥וֹ מִזַּרְע֖וֹ לַמֹּ֑לֶךְ
לְבִלְתִּ֖י הָמִ֥ית אֹתֽוֹ
4 And if to obscure, the people of the land obscure their eyes from this man, this very one, who has given from his seed to Moloch,
so as not to put him to death,
3e 4B 29
7
וְשַׂמְתִּ֨י אֲנִ֧י אֶת־פָּנַ֛י בָּאִ֥ישׁ הַה֖וּא וּבְמִשְׁפַּחְתּ֑וֹ
וְהִכְרַתִּ֨י אֹת֜וֹ וְאֵ֣ת ׀ כָּל־הַזֹּנִ֣ים אַחֲרָ֗יו לִזְנ֛וֹת אַחֲרֵ֥י הַמֹּ֖לֶךְ מִקֶּ֥רֶב עַמָּֽם
5 Then I myself will set my face against that person and against his family,
and I will cut him off and all playing the harlot after him to play the harlot after the Moloch from within their people.
3c 4B 16
28
וְהַנֶּ֗פֶשׁ אֲשֶׁ֨ר תִּפְנֶ֤ה אֶל־הָֽאֹבֹת֙ וְאֶל־הַיִּדְּעֹנִ֔ים לִזְנ֖וֹת אַחֲרֵיהֶ֑ם
וְנָתַתִּ֤י אֶת־פָּנַי֙ בַּנֶּ֣פֶשׁ הַהִ֔וא וְהִכְרַתִּ֥י אֹת֖וֹ מִקֶּ֥רֶב עַמּֽוֹ
6 And the self that faces to the necromancer and to the wizards, to play the harlot after them,
I will position my face against that very self and I will cut him off from within his people.
3e 4C 24
23
וְהִ֨תְקַדִּשְׁתֶּ֔ם וִהְיִיתֶ֖ם קְדֹשִׁ֑ים
כִּ֛י אֲנִ֥י יְהוָ֖ה אֱלֹהֵיכֶֽם
7 So you will sanctify yourselves, and you will become holy,
because I am Yahweh your God.
3d 4A 11
9
וּשְׁמַרְתֶּם֙ אֶת־חֻקֹּתַ֔י וַעֲשִׂיתֶ֖ם אֹתָ֑ם
אֲנִ֥י יְהוָ֖ה מְקַדִּשְׁכֶֽם
8 And you will keep my statutes and do them.
I am Yahweh who sanctifies you.
3e 4A 13
8
כִּֽי־אִ֣ישׁ אִ֗ישׁ אֲשֶׁ֨ר יְקַלֵּ֧ל אֶת־אָבִ֛יו וְאֶת־אִמּ֖וֹ מ֣וֹת יוּמָ֑ת
אָבִ֧יו וְאִמּ֛וֹ קִלֵּ֖ל דָּמָ֥יו בּֽוֹ
9 For any person that makes light of his father or his mother will be put to death.
His father or his mother he slighted. His blood is on himself.
3c 4B 18
10
וְאִ֗ישׁ אֲשֶׁ֤ר יִנְאַף֙ אֶת־אֵ֣שֶׁת אִ֔ישׁ אֲשֶׁ֥ר יִנְאַ֖ף אֶת־אֵ֣שֶׁת רֵעֵ֑הוּ
מֽוֹת־יוּמַ֥ת הַנֹּאֵ֖ף וְהַנֹּאָֽפֶת
10 And anyone that commits adultery with the wife of another, that commits adultery with the wife of his associate,
the adulterer and the adulteress will be put to death.
3e 4C 20
10
וְאִ֗ישׁ אֲשֶׁ֤ר יִשְׁכַּב֙ אֶת־אֵ֣שֶׁת אָבִ֔יו עֶרְוַ֥ת אָבִ֖יו גִּלָּ֑ה
מֽוֹת־יוּמְת֥וּ שְׁנֵיהֶ֖ם דְּמֵיהֶ֥ם בָּֽם
11 And anyone that lies down with the wife of his father, the nakedness of his father he has uncovered.
To die they will die, the two of them. Their blood is on them.
3e 4C 17
10
וְאִ֗ישׁ אֲשֶׁ֤ר יִשְׁכַּב֙ אֶת־כַּלָּת֔וֹ מ֥וֹת יוּמְת֖וּ שְׁנֵיהֶ֑ם
תֶּ֥בֶל עָשׂ֖וּ דְּמֵיהֶ֥ם בָּֽם
12 And anyone that lies down with his daughter-in-law, to die they will die, the two of them.
Mayhem they have done. Their blood is on them.
3e 4C 16
8
וְאִ֗ישׁ אֲשֶׁ֨ר יִשְׁכַּ֤ב אֶת־זָכָר֙ מִשְׁכְּבֵ֣י אִשָּׁ֔ה תּוֹעֵבָ֥ה עָשׂ֖וּ שְׁנֵיהֶ֑ם
מ֥וֹת יוּמָ֖תוּ דְּמֵיהֶ֥ם בָּֽם
13 And anyone that lies down with a male as the lying down of a woman, an abomination they have done, the two of them.
To die they will die. Their blood is on them.
3e 4C 22
8
וְאִ֗ישׁ אֲשֶׁ֨ר יִקַּ֧ח אֶת־אִשָּׁ֛ה וְאֶת־אִמָּ֖הּ זִמָּ֣ה הִ֑וא
בָּאֵ֞שׁ יִשְׂרְפ֤וּ אֹתוֹ֙ וְאֶתְהֶ֔ן וְלֹא־תִהְיֶ֥ה זִמָּ֖ה בְּתוֹכְכֶֽם
14 And anyone that took a wife and her mother, scheming it is.
In the fire they will be incinerated, him and them. And such scheming will not be in your midst.
3c 4C 16
19
וְאִ֗ישׁ אֲשֶׁ֨ר יִתֵּ֧ן שְׁכָבְתּ֛וֹ בִּבְהֵמָ֖ה מ֣וֹת יוּמָ֑ת
וְאֶת־הַבְּהֵמָ֖ה תַּהֲרֹֽגוּ
15 And anyone that will give his emission into a beast will be put to death,
and the beast you will slay.
3c 4B 15
9
וְאִשָּׁ֗ה אֲשֶׁ֨ר תִּקְרַ֤ב אֶל־כָּל־בְּהֵמָה֙ לְרִבְעָ֣ה אֹתָ֔הּ וְהָרַגְתָּ֥ אֶת־הָאִשָּׁ֖ה וְאֶת־הַבְּהֵמָ֑ה
מ֥וֹת יוּמָ֖תוּ דְּמֵיהֶ֥ם בָּֽם
16 And a woman who approaches to any beast to copulate with it, you will slay the woman and the beast.
To die they will die. Their blood is on them.
3e 4C 30
8
וְאִ֣ישׁ אֲשֶׁר־יִקַּ֣ח אֶת־אֲחֹת֡וֹ בַּת־אָבִ֣יו א֣וֹ בַת־אִ֠מּוֹ וְרָאָ֨ה אֶת־עֶרְוָתָ֜הּ וְהִֽיא־תִרְאֶ֤ה אֶת־עֶרְוָתוֹ֙ חֶ֣סֶד ה֔וּא וְנִ֨כְרְת֔וּ לְעֵינֵ֖י בְּנֵ֣י עַמָּ֑ם
עֶרְוַ֧ת אֲחֹת֛וֹ גִּלָּ֖ה עֲוֺנ֥וֹ יִשָּֽׂא
17 And anyone that took his sister, the daughter of his father or the daughter of his mother, and sees her nakedness and she sees his nakedness . Mercy it is that they will be cut off in the sight of the children of their people.
The nakedness of his sister he has uncovered. His iniquity he will bear.
3c 4C 46
12
וְ֠אִישׁ אֲשֶׁר־יִשְׁכַּ֨ב אֶת־אִשָּׁ֜ה דָּוָ֗ה וְגִלָּ֤ה אֶת־עֶרְוָתָהּ֙ אֶת־מְקֹרָ֣הּ הֶֽעֱרָ֔ה וְהִ֕יא גִּלְּתָ֖ה אֶת־מְק֣וֹר דָּמֶ֑יהָ
וְנִכְרְת֥וּ שְׁנֵיהֶ֖ם מִקֶּ֥רֶב עַמָּֽם
18 ~ And anyone that lies down with a wife, infirm, and uncovers her nakedness , her fountain he has exposed, and she has uncovered the fountain of her blood,
and the two of them will be cut off from within their people.
3e 4C 35
12
וְעֶרְוַ֨ת אֲח֧וֹת אִמְּךָ֛ וַאֲח֥וֹת אָבִ֖יךָ לֹ֣א תְגַלֵּ֑ה
כִּ֧י אֶת־שְׁאֵר֛וֹ הֶעֱרָ֖ה עֲוֺנָ֥ם יִשָּֽׂאוּ
19 And the nakedness of a sister of your mother, or a sister of your father you will not uncover,
because he exposes his near relation. Their iniquity they will bear.
3c 4B 17
14
וְאִ֗ישׁ אֲשֶׁ֤ר יִשְׁכַּב֙ אֶת־דֹּ֣דָת֔וֹ עֶרְוַ֥ת דֹּד֖וֹ גִּלָּ֑ה
חֶטְאָ֥ם יִשָּׂ֖אוּ עֲרִירִ֥ים יָמֻֽתוּ
20 And anyone that lies down with his aunt, the nakedness of his uncle he has uncovered.
Their sin they will bear. Childless they will die.
3e 4C 16
11
וְאִ֗ישׁ אֲשֶׁ֥ר יִקַּ֛ח אֶת־אֵ֥שֶׁת אָחִ֖יו נִדָּ֣ה הִ֑וא
עֶרְוַ֥ת אָחִ֛יו גִּלָּ֖ה עֲרִירִ֥ים יִהְיֽוּ
21 And anyone that took the wife of his brother, segregation it is.
The nakedness of his brother he has uncovered. Childless they will be.
3d 4B 14
11
וּשְׁמַרְתֶּ֤ם אֶת־כָּל־חֻקֹּתַי֙ וְאֶת־כָּל־מִשְׁפָּטַ֔י וַעֲשִׂיתֶ֖ם אֹתָ֑ם
וְלֹא־תָקִ֤יא אֶתְכֶם֙ הָאָ֔רֶץ אֲשֶׁ֨ר אֲנִ֜י מֵבִ֥יא אֶתְכֶ֛ם שָׁ֖מָּה לָשֶׁ֥בֶת בָּֽהּ
22 And you will keep all my statutes and all my judgments and do them,
and the land will not vomit you out that I am bringing you toward to settle in it.
3d 4C 20
22
וְלֹ֤א תֵֽלְכוּ֙ בְּחֻקֹּ֣ת הַגּ֔וֹי אֲשֶׁר־אֲנִ֥י מְשַׁלֵּ֖חַ מִפְּנֵיכֶ֑ם
כִּ֤י אֶת־כָּל־אֵ֙לֶּה֙ עָשׂ֔וּ וָאָקֻ֖ץ בָּֽם
23 But you will not walk in the statutes of the nation that I, I sent out from your presence.
Because all these things they have done, I bristle at them.
3e 4C 21
11
וָאֹמַ֣ר לָכֶ֗ם אַתֶּם֮ תִּֽירְשׁ֣וּ אֶת־אַדְמָתָם֒ וַאֲנִ֞י אֶתְּנֶ֤נָּה לָכֶם֙ לָרֶ֣שֶׁת אֹתָ֔הּ אֶ֛רֶץ זָבַ֥ת חָלָ֖ב וּדְבָ֑שׁ
אֲנִי֙ יְהוָ֣ה אֱלֹֽהֵיכֶ֔ם אֲשֶׁר־הִבְדַּ֥לְתִּי אֶתְכֶ֖ם מִן־הָֽעַמִּֽים
24 So I said to you, You are those who will possess their ground, and I, I will give it to you to possess it, a land gushing with milk and honey.
I am Yahweh your God who differentiated you from the peoples.
3d 4C 34
19
וְהִבְדַּלְתֶּ֞ם בֵּֽין־הַבְּהֵמָ֤ה הַטְּהֹרָה֙ לַטְּמֵאָ֔ה וּבֵין־הָע֥וֹף הַטָּמֵ֖א לַטָּהֹ֑ר
וְלֹֽא־תְשַׁקְּצ֨וּ אֶת־נַפְשֹֽׁתֵיכֶ֜ם בַּבְּהֵמָ֣ה וּבָע֗וֹף וּבְכֹל֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר תִּרְמֹ֣שׂ הָֽאֲדָמָ֔ה אֲשֶׁר־הִבְדַּ֥לְתִּי לָכֶ֖ם לְטַמֵּֽא
25 So you will differentiate between the beast, clean to unclean, and between the fowl, unclean to clean,
and you will not make yourselves detestable by beast or by fowl, or by all that creep of the ground that I have differentiated for you to be unclean.
3e 4C 24
36
וִהְיִ֤יתֶם לִי֙ קְדֹשִׁ֔ים כִּ֥י קָד֖וֹשׁ אֲנִ֣י יְהוָ֑ה
וָאַבְדִּ֥ל אֶתְכֶ֛ם מִן־הָֽעַמִּ֖ים לִהְי֥וֹת לִֽי
26 Then you will be holy to me because I, Yahweh, am holy,
and I have differentiated you from the peoples that you would be mine.
3d 4C 14
12
וְאִ֣ישׁ אֽוֹ־אִשָּׁ֗ה כִּֽי־יִהְיֶ֨ה בָהֶ֥ם א֛וֹב א֥וֹ יִדְּעֹנִ֖י מ֣וֹת יוּמָ֑תוּ
בָּאֶ֛בֶן יִרְגְּמ֥וּ אֹתָ֖ם דְּמֵיהֶ֥ם בָּֽם
27 And a man or a woman that has in them necromancy or wizardry, to die they will die.
With stone you will crowd them. Their blood is on them.
3d 4B 18
12