Tuesday, February 14, 2017

Jeremiah 29

There are confusing sequences in this chapter, some corrected by other translations like JB. It's possible to conjecture adjustments from the conflicts implied.

Jeremiah 29 Fn Min Max Syll
וְאֵ֙לֶּה֙ דִּבְרֵ֣י הַסֵּ֔פֶר אֲשֶׁ֥ר שָׁלַ֛ח יִרְמְיָ֥ה הַנָּבִ֖יא מִירוּשָׁלִָ֑ם
אֶל־יֶ֜תֶר זִקְנֵ֣י הַגּוֹלָ֗ה וְאֶל־הַכֹּהֲנִ֤ים וְאֶל־הַנְּבִיאִים֙ וְאֶל־כָּל־הָעָ֔ם אֲשֶׁ֨ר הֶגְלָ֧ה נְבֽוּכַדְנֶאצַּ֛ר מִירוּשָׁלִַ֖ם בָּבֶֽלָה
1 And these are the words of the correspondence that Jeremiah the prophet sent from Jerusalem,
to the remaining elders who were exiled, and to the priests, and to the prophets, and to all the people that Nebuchadnezzar exiled from Jerusalem to Babel,
3c 4C 22
40
אַחֲרֵ֣י צֵ֣את יְכָנְיָֽה־הַ֠מֶּלֶךְ וְהַגְּבִירָ֨ה וְהַסָּרִיסִ֜ים שָׂרֵ֨י יְהוּדָ֧ה וִירוּשָׁלִַ֛ם וְהֶחָרָ֥שׁ וְהַמַּסְגֵּ֖ר מִירוּשָׁלִָֽם 2 (after the exit of Jeconiah, the king, and the lady of valour, and the eunuchs, the nobility of Judah,
and Jerusalem, and carpenter, and locksmith, from Jerusalem)
3c 4B 40
בְּיַד֙ אֶלְעָשָׂ֣ה בֶן־שָׁפָ֔ן וּגְמַרְיָ֖ה בֶּן־חִלְקִיָּ֑ה
אֲשֶׁ֨ר שָׁלַ֜ח צִדְקִיָּ֣ה מֶֽלֶךְ־יְהוּדָ֗ה אֶל־נְבוּכַדְנֶאצַּ֛ר מֶ֥לֶךְ בָּבֶ֖ל בָּבֶ֥לָה לֵאמֹֽר
3 by the hand of Elasah, child of Shaphan, and Gemariah, child of Hilqiah,
whom Zedekiah king of Judah sent to Nebuchadnezzar king of Babel, to Babel, saying,
3d 4B 15
27
כֹּ֥ה אָמַ֛ר יְהוָ֥ה צְבָא֖וֹת אֱלֹהֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל
לְכָל־הַ֨גּוֹלָ֔ה אֲשֶׁר־הִגְלֵ֥יתִי מִירוּשָׁלִַ֖ם בָּבֶֽלָה
4 f Thus says Yahweh of hosts, the God of Israel,
to all the exiled whom I have exiled from Jerusalem to Babel.
3d 4B 14
17
בְּנ֥וּ בָתִּ֖ים וְשֵׁ֑בוּ
וְנִטְע֣וּ גַנּ֔וֹת וְאִכְל֖וּ אֶת־פִּרְיָֽן
5 f Build houses and settle,
and plant gardens and eat their fruit.
3e 4B 7
11
קְח֣וּ נָשִׁ֗ים וְהוֹלִידוּ֮ בָּנִ֣ים וּבָנוֹת֒ וּקְח֨וּ לִבְנֵיכֶ֜ם נָשִׁ֗ים וְאֶת־בְּנֽוֹתֵיכֶם֙ תְּנ֣וּ לַֽאֲנָשִׁ֔ים וְתֵלַ֖דְנָה בָּנִ֣ים וּבָנ֑וֹת
וּרְבוּ־שָׁ֖ם וְאַל־תִּמְעָֽטוּ
6 B Take wives and beget sons and daughters, and receive for your sons, wives, and your daughters, give to spouses that they may beget sons and daughters,
and increase there and do not be decreased.
3e 4B 41
8
וְדִרְשׁ֞וּ אֶת־שְׁל֣וֹם הָעִ֗יר אֲשֶׁ֨ר הִגְלֵ֤יתִי אֶתְכֶם֙ שָׁ֔מָּה וְהִתְפַּֽלְל֥וּ בַעֲדָ֖הּ אֶל־יְהוָ֑ה
כִּ֣י בִשְׁלוֹמָ֔הּ יִהְיֶ֥ה לָכֶ֖ם שָׁלֽוֹם
7 Search out the wholeness of the city where I have exiled you,
and pray concerning her to Yahweh, for in her wholeness, there will be for you, wholeness.
3e 4C 27
10
כִּי֩ כֹ֨ה אָמַ֜ר יְהוָ֤ה צְבָאוֹת֙ אֱלֹהֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל אַל־יַשִּׁ֧יאוּ לָכֶ֛ם נְבִֽיאֵיכֶ֥ם אֲשֶׁר־בְּקִרְבְּכֶ֖ם וְקֹֽסְמֵיכֶ֑ם
וְאַֽל־תִּשְׁמְעוּ֙ אֶל־חֲלֹמֹ֣תֵיכֶ֔ם אֲשֶׁ֥ר אַתֶּ֖ם מַחְלְמִֽים
8 ~ Because thus says Yahweh of hosts, the God of Israel, Do not let your prophets lure you that are among you, or your soothsayers,
and do not hear your dreams that you dream.
3c 4C 35
18
כִּ֣י בְשֶׁ֔קֶר הֵ֛ם נִבְּאִ֥ים לָכֶ֖ם בִּשְׁמִ֑י
לֹ֥א שְׁלַחְתִּ֖ים נְאֻם־יְהוָֽה
9 B Because falsehood they prophesy to you in my name.
I have not sent them, an oracle of Yahweh.
3d 4B 11
8
כִּֽי־כֹה֙ אָמַ֣ר יְהוָ֔ה כִּ֠י לְפִ֞י מְלֹ֧את לְבָבֶ֛ל שִׁבְעִ֥ים שָׁנָ֖ה אֶפְקֹ֣ד אֶתְכֶ֑ם
וַהֲקִמֹתִ֤י עֲלֵיכֶם֙ אֶת־דְּבָרִ֣י הַטּ֔וֹב לְהָשִׁ֣יב אֶתְכֶ֔ם אֶל־הַמָּק֖וֹם הַזֶּֽה
10 Because thus says Yahweh, That here is, for Babel, a full seventy year span. I will make a visit to you,
and I will raise over you my good word to have you return to this place.
3c 4C 22
25
כִּי֩ אָנֹכִ֨י יָדַ֜עְתִּי אֶת־הַמַּחֲשָׁבֹ֗ת אֲשֶׁ֧ר אָנֹכִ֛י חֹשֵׁ֥ב עֲלֵיכֶ֖ם נְאֻם־יְהוָ֑ה
מַחְשְׁב֤וֹת שָׁלוֹם֙ וְלֹ֣א לְרָעָ֔ה לָתֵ֥ת לָכֶ֖ם אַחֲרִ֥ית וְתִקְוָֽה
11 ~ For myself, I know the considerations that I consider for you, an oracle of Yahweh,
considerations of wholeness, and not to evil, to give to you a tomorrow and an expectation.
3c 4C 27
20
וּקְרָאתֶ֤ם אֹתִי֙ וַֽהֲלַכְתֶּ֔ם וְהִתְפַּלַּלְתֶּ֖ם אֵלָ֑י
וְשָׁמַעְתִּ֖י אֲלֵיכֶֽם
12 And you will encounter me, and you will walk, and you will pray to me,
and I will hear you.
3e 4C 16
7
וּבִקַּשְׁתֶּ֥ם אֹתִ֖י וּמְצָאתֶ֑ם
כִּ֥י תִדְרְשֻׁ֖נִי בְּכָל־לְבַבְכֶֽם
13 And when you seek me then you will find,
because you will search me out with all your heart.
3e 4A 9
10
וְנִמְצֵ֣אתִי לָכֶם֮ נְאֻם־יְהוָה֒ וְשַׁבְתִּ֣י אֶת־שְׁבוּתְכֶ֗ם וְקִבַּצְתִּ֣י אֶ֠תְכֶם מִֽכָּל־הַגּוֹיִ֞ם וּמִכָּל־הַמְּקוֹמ֗וֹת אֲשֶׁ֨ר הִדַּ֧חְתִּי אֶתְכֶ֛ם שָׁ֖ם נְאֻם־יְהוָ֑ה
וַהֲשִׁבֹתִ֣י אֶתְכֶ֔ם אֶל־הַ֨מָּק֔וֹם אֲשֶׁר־הִגְלֵ֥יתִי אֶתְכֶ֖ם מִשָּֽׁם
14 And I will be found for you, an oracle of Yahweh. And I will turn your captivity. And I will collect you from all the nations, and from all the places where I banished you, an oracle of Yahweh.
And I will return you to the place that I had exiled you from.
3c 4B 46
20
כִּ֖י אֲמַרְתֶּ֑ם
הֵקִ֨ים לָ֧נוּ יְהוָ֛ה נְבִאִ֖ים בָּבֶֽלָה
15 g Though you say,
Yahweh has raised for us prophets towards Babel,
3c 4A 4
12
כִּי־כֹ֣ה ׀ אָמַ֣ר יְהוָ֗ה אֶל־הַמֶּ֙לֶךְ֙ הַיּוֹשֵׁב֙ אֶל־כִּסֵּ֣א דָוִ֔ד וְאֶל־כָּל־הָעָ֔ם הַיּוֹשֵׁ֖ב בָּעִ֣יר הַזֹּ֑את
אֲחֵיכֶ֕ם אֲשֶׁ֛ר לֹֽא־יָצְא֥וּ אִתְּכֶ֖ם בַּגּוֹלָֽה
16 but thus says Yahweh to the king sitting on the throne of David, and to all the people settled in this city,
your kin who did not come forth with you into exile,
3d 4B 30
13
כֹּ֤ה אָמַר֙ יְהוָ֣ה צְבָא֔וֹת הִנְנִי֙ מְשַׁלֵּ֣חַ בָּ֔ם אֶת־הַחֶ֖רֶב אֶת־הָרָעָ֣ב וְאֶת־הַדָּ֑בֶר
וְנָתַתִּ֣י אוֹתָ֗ם כַּתְּאֵנִים֙ הַשֹּׁ֣עָרִ֔ים אֲשֶׁ֥ר לֹא־תֵאָכַ֖לְנָה מֵרֹֽעַ
17 C Thus says Yahweh of hosts, Note me well sending them the sword, the famine, and the pestilence,
and I will make them as disagreeable figs that are so hurtful they cannot be eaten.
3e 4C 28
22
וְרָֽדַפְתִּי֙ אַֽחֲרֵיהֶ֔ם בַּחֶ֖רֶב בָּרָעָ֣ב וּבַדָּ֑בֶר
וּנְתַתִּ֨ים לְזַעֲוָ֜ה לְכֹ֣ל ׀ מַמְלְכ֣וֹת הָאָ֗רֶץ לְאָלָ֤ה וּלְשַׁמָּה֙ וְלִשְׁרֵקָ֣ה וּלְחֶרְפָּ֔ה בְּכָל־הַגּוֹיִ֖ם אֲשֶׁר־הִדַּחְתִּ֥ים שָֽׁם
18 And I will pursue after them with the sword, in scarcity, and with pestilence,
and I will consign them to be unnerved for all the kingdoms of the earth, a sob, and a desolation, and a hissing, and a reproach among all the nations where I banished them.
3e 4C 18
39
תַּ֛חַת אֲשֶֽׁר־לֹא־שָׁמְע֥וּ אֶל־דְּבָרַ֖י נְאֻם־יְהוָ֑ה
אֲשֶׁר֩ שָׁלַ֨חְתִּי אֲלֵיהֶ֜ם אֶת־עֲבָדַ֤י הַנְּבִאִים֙ הַשְׁכֵּ֣ם וְשָׁלֹ֔חַ וְלֹ֥א שְׁמַעְתֶּ֖ם נְאֻם־יְהוָֽה
19 d In that they did not hear my words, an oracle of Yahweh,
which I sent to them through my servants the prophets, rising early and sending, and you have not heard, an oracle of Yahweh.
3d 4C 15
30
וְאַתֶּ֖ם שִׁמְע֣וּ דְבַר־יְהוָ֑ה
כָּל־הַ֨גּוֹלָ֔ה אֲשֶׁר־שִׁלַּ֥חְתִּי מִירוּשָׁלִַ֖ם בָּבֶֽלָה
20 So you, hear the word of Yahweh,
all you exiled, which I sent from Jerusalem to Babel.
3e 4B 9
16
כֹּֽה־אָמַר֩ יְהוָ֨ה צְבָא֜וֹת אֱלֹהֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֗ל אֶל־אַחְאָ֤ב בֶּן־קֽוֹלָיָה֙ וְאֶל־צִדְקִיָּ֣הוּ בֶן־מַֽעֲשֵׂיָ֔ה הַֽנִּבְּאִ֥ים לָכֶ֛ם בִּשְׁמִ֖י שָׁ֑קֶר
הִנְנִ֣י ׀ נֹתֵ֣ן אֹתָ֗ם בְּיַד֙ נְבֽוּכַדְרֶאצַּ֣ר מֶֽלֶךְ־בָּבֶ֔ל וְהִכָּ֖ם לְעֵינֵיכֶֽם
21 Thus says Yahweh of hosts, the God of Israel, to Ahab child of Kolayah, and to Zedekiah child of Maaseyah, that prophesy to you in my name, falsehood,
Note me well. I will give them into the hand of Nebukadretsar king of Babel, and he will strike them in your sight.
3d 4C 41
24
וְלֻקַּ֤ח מֵהֶם֙ קְלָלָ֔ה לְכֹל֙ גָּל֣וּת יְהוּדָ֔ה אֲשֶׁ֥ר בְּבָבֶ֖ל לֵאמֹ֑ר
יְשִֽׂמְךָ֤ יְהוָה֙ כְּצִדְקִיָּ֣הוּ וּכְאֶחָ֔ב אֲשֶׁר־קָלָ֥ם מֶֽלֶךְ־בָּבֶ֖ל בָּאֵֽשׁ
22 And from them will be taken a denial, for all the exiles of Judah that are in Babel, saying,
Yahweh render you like Zedekiah and like Ahab whom the king of Babel disgraced in the fire.
3e 4C 22
23
יַ֡עַן אֲשֶׁר֩ עָשׂ֨וּ נְבָלָ֜ה בְּיִשְׂרָאֵ֗ל וַיְנַֽאֲפוּ֙ אֶת־נְשֵׁ֣י רֵֽעֵיהֶ֔ם וַיְדַבְּר֨וּ דָבָ֤ר בִּשְׁמִי֙ שֶׁ֔קֶר אֲשֶׁ֖ר ל֣וֹא צִוִּיתִ֑ם
וְאָנֹכִ֛י הַיּוֹדֵ֥עַ וָעֵ֖ד נְאֻם־יְהוָֽה
23 ~ In that they have done senselessness in Israel, and committed adultery with the wives of their associates, and they have spoken a false word in my name, that I did not command them,
and myself, I know and witness, an oracle of Yahweh.
3d 4C 38
14
וְאֶל־שְׁמַעְיָ֥הוּ הַנֶּחֱלָמִ֖י תֹּאמַ֥ר לֵאמֹֽר 24 And to Shemaiah the Nehalamite, say, saying, 3e 3g 15
כֹּֽה־אָמַ֞ר יְהוָ֧ה צְבָא֛וֹת אֱלֹהֵ֥י יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל לֵאמֹ֑ר
יַ֡עַן אֲשֶׁ֣ר אַתָּה֩ שָׁלַ֨חְתָּ בְשִׁמְכָ֜ה סְפָרִ֗ים אֶל־כָּל־הָעָם֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר בִּירוּשָׁלִַ֔ם וְאֶל־צְפַנְיָ֤ה בֶן־מַֽעֲשֵׂיָה֙ הַכֹּהֵ֔ן וְאֶ֥ל כָּל־הַכֹּהֲנִ֖ים לֵאמֹֽר
25 Thus says Yahweh of Hosts, the God of Israel, saying,
In that you yourself have sent, in your name, correspondence to all the people that were in Jerusalem, and to Zephaniah, child of Maaseyah the priest, and to all the priests, saying,
3c 4C 16
47
יְהוָ֞ה נְתָנְךָ֣ כֹהֵ֗ן תַּ֚חַת יְהוֹיָדָ֣ע הַכֹּהֵ֔ן לִֽהְי֤וֹת פְּקִדִים֙ בֵּ֣ית יְהוָ֔ה לְכָל־אִ֥ישׁ מְשֻׁגָּ֖ע וּמִתְנַבֵּ֑א
וְנָתַתָּ֥ה אֹת֛וֹ אֶל־הַמַּהְפֶּ֖כֶת וְאֶל־הַצִּינֹֽק
26 Yahweh has made you a priest instead of Jehoiada, the priest, to become officers of the house of Yahweh, to every crazy person that makes himself prophet,
so you can consign him to the pillory and to the pranger,
3d 4C 34
16
וְעַתָּ֗ה לָ֚מָּה לֹ֣א גָעַ֔רְתָּ בְּיִרְמְיָ֖הוּ הָֽעֲנְּתֹתִ֑י
הַמִּתְנַבֵּ֖א לָכֶֽם
27 And now, why have you not rebuked Jeremiah of Anatoth,
who makes himself prophet to you?
3e 4C 18
6
כִּ֣י עַל־כֵּ֞ן שָׁלַ֥ח אֵלֵ֛ינוּ בָּבֶ֥ל לֵאמֹ֖ר אֲרֻכָּ֣ה הִ֑יא
בְּנ֤וּ בָתִּים֙ וְשֵׁ֔בוּ וְנִטְע֣וּ גַנּ֔וֹת וְאִכְל֖וּ אֶת־פְּרִיהֶֽן
28 B For so he sent to us in Babel, saying, Patience in this.
Build houses, and settle, and plant gardens and eat their fruit.
3d 4C 16
19
וַיִּקְרָ֛א צְפַנְיָ֥ה הַכֹּהֵ֖ן אֶת־הַסֵּ֣פֶר הַזֶּ֑ה
בְּאָזְנֵ֖י יִרְמְיָ֥הוּ הַנָּבִֽיא
29 And Zephaniah the priest recited this correspondence,
in the ears of Jeremiah the prophet.
3d 4B 15
10
וַֽיְהִי֙ דְּבַר־יְהוָ֔ה אֶֽל־יִרְמְיָ֖הוּ לֵאמֹֽר 30 And the word of Yahweh happened to Jeremiah, saying, 3e 3g 13
שְׁלַ֤ח עַל־כָּל־הַגּוֹלָה֙ לֵאמֹ֔ר כֹּ֚ה אָמַ֣ר יְהוָ֔ה אֶל־שְׁמַעְיָ֖ה הַנֶּחֱלָמִ֑י
יַ֡עַן אֲשֶׁר֩ נִבָּ֨א לָכֶ֜ם שְׁמַעְיָ֗ה וַֽאֲנִי֙ לֹ֣א שְׁלַחְתִּ֔יו וַיַּבְטַ֥ח אֶתְכֶ֖ם עַל־שָֽׁקֶר
31 Send to all who were exiled, saying, Thus says Yahweh to Shemaiah the Nehalamite,
In that Shemaiah has prophesied to you, and I did not send him, and he made you trust in falsehood,
3e 4C 23
26
לָכֵ֞ן כֹּֽה־אָמַ֣ר יְהוָ֗ה הִנְנִ֨י פֹקֵ֜ד עַל־שְׁמַעְיָ֣ה הַנֶּחֱלָמִי֮ וְעַל־זַרְעוֹ֒ לֹא־יִהְיֶ֨ה ל֜וֹ אִ֣ישׁ ׀ יוֹשֵׁ֣ב ׀ בְּתוֹךְ־הָעָ֣ם הַזֶּ֗ה וְלֹֽא־יִרְאֶ֥ה בַטּ֛וֹב אֲשֶׁר־אֲנִ֥י עֹשֶֽׂה־לְעַמִּ֖י נְאֻם־יְהוָ֑ה
כִּֽי־סָרָ֥ה דִבֶּ֖ר עַל־יְהוָֽה
32 Therefore thus says Yahweh, Note me well. I will visit Shemaiah the Nehalamite and his seed. There will not be for him anyone to inhabit in the midst of this people, and he will not see the goodness that I will do for my people, an oracle of Yahweh,
for revolt he has spoken against Yahweh.
3d 4B 56
7
The gloss נתן is sometimes difficult to render. The great preponderance (80% but this is a percentage that I can't directly measure yet) are forms of give. but on occasion, like here, I need something less direct. I have also used make, and consign in cases below. See verses 6, 11, 17, 18, 21, 26 (2x).

Fred Putnam has already listed all the forms of this word that are in use. (See his text on page 291) You can see it is basically 1 column qal with a few exceptional forms in qal passive and niphal (also passive). At present I have 149 distinct word forms including pronouns with נתן. And this count is without complete validation. When I count, it's like counting all the red pieces of a puzzle before you can see some of them. Full analysis will have to wait. But I hope it will be possible and useful. I need some tweaks to my data design. Perhaps if I create an English equivalence table. The problem is that my programs have insufficient information to recognize things like gave, give, gives, giving, etc as 'the same'. I really must get around to doing this.



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