Wednesday, February 8, 2017

Jeremiah 36

I just realized that I have axes to grind. First was my emphasis on what is loosely termed concordance. (Concordance has degrees of impossibility). Now I am biased toward the music. (I have a few additional biases.)

So what do I do with the verb to call?
קרא - encounter, acclaim, call, converge, convoke, proclaim, query (for acrostics), recite.

I now have so many choices that I can paint this word in a particular section of text! And none of these choices conflicts with what I have chosen elsewhere for a different Hebrew root in the same domain. For the moment, this word is in my domain of Engagement-Appeal. There are 14 roots in it. Appeal is (at the moment) one of about 17 sub-domains of Engagement. These govern a little less than 2500 roots, which in turn form about 37,000 words of the puzzle - just over 10%).

Ouch - not going any further for the moment, but this simple two level hierarchy over the roots will allow for quite a bit of critical analysis of my gloss choices when the time comes. Roots may appear in multiple domains for homonyms and for some non-homonym uses. There you have it - every word has gone from potential woodenness to potential nuance. The axe sharpens. (If you put קר, with or without the aleph, in the browser's find-on-page box, you will discover some possible word plays in the Hebrew. And you will see where I have revealed a relaxing of my rigid rules.)

Jeremiah 36FnMinMaxSyll
וַֽיְהִי֙ בַּשָּׁנָ֣ה הָרְבִיעִ֔ת לִיהוֹיָקִ֥ים בֶּן־יֹאשִׁיָּ֖הוּ מֶ֣לֶךְ יְהוּדָ֑ה
הָיָ֞ה הַדָּבָ֤ר הַזֶּה֙ אֶֽל־יִרְמְיָ֔הוּ מֵאֵ֥ת יְהוָ֖ה לֵאמֹֽר
1And it happened in the fourth year of Jehoiachim, child of Josiah, king of Judah,
there was this word to Jeremiah from Yahweh, saying,
3e4C22
18
קַח־לְךָ֮ מְגִלַּת־סֵפֶר֒ וְכָתַבְתָּ֣ אֵלֶ֗יהָ אֵ֣ת כָּל־הַדְּבָרִ֞ים אֲשֶׁר־דִּבַּ֧רְתִּי אֵלֶ֛יךָ עַל־יִשְׂרָאֵ֥ל וְעַל־יְהוּדָ֖ה וְעַל־כָּל־הַגּוֹיִ֑ם
מִיּ֞וֹם דִּבַּ֤רְתִּי אֵלֶ֙יךָ֙ מִימֵ֣י יֹאשִׁיָּ֔הוּ וְעַ֖ד הַיּ֥וֹם הַזֶּֽה
2Take for yourself a scroll for a book, and write in it all the things that I have spoken to you, over Israel, and over Judah, and over all nations,
from the day I spoke to you, from the days of Josiah and till this day.
3c4C43
20
אוּלַ֤י יִשְׁמְעוּ֙ בֵּ֣ית יְהוּדָ֔ה אֵ֚ת כָּל־הָ֣רָעָ֔ה אֲשֶׁ֛ר אָנֹכִ֥י חֹשֵׁ֖ב לַעֲשׂ֣וֹת לָהֶ֑ם
לְמַ֣עַן יָשׁ֗וּבוּ אִ֚ישׁ מִדַּרְכּ֣וֹ הָרָעָ֔ה וְסָלַחְתִּ֥י לַעֲוֺנָ֖ם וּלְחַטָּאתָֽם
3Maybe the house of Judah will hear all the evil that I considered to do to them,
in order that they may return, each from its evil way, and I may forgive their iniquity and their sin.
3d4C26
25
וַיִּקְרָ֣א יִרְמְיָ֔הוּ אֶת־בָּר֖וּךְ בֶּן־נֵֽרִיָּ֑ה
וַיִּכְתֹּ֨ב בָּר֜וּךְ מִפִּ֣י יִרְמְיָ֗הוּ אֵ֣ת כָּל־דִּבְרֵ֧י יְהוָ֛ה אֲשֶׁר־דִּבֶּ֥ר אֵלָ֖יו עַל־מְגִלַּת־סֵֽפֶר
4And Jeremiah called Baruch, child of Neriah,
and Baruch wrote, from the mandate of Jeremiah, all the words of Yahweh that he had spoken to him on a scroll for a book.
3c4B14
29
וַיְצַוֶּ֣ה יִרְמְיָ֔הוּ אֶת־בָּר֖וּךְ לֵאמֹ֑ר
אֲנִ֣י עָצ֔וּר לֹ֣א אוּכַ֔ל לָב֖וֹא בֵּ֥ית יְהוָֽה
5And Jeremiah commanded Baruch, saying,
I am detained, I can not enter the house of Yahweh.
3e4B12
12
וּבָאתָ֣ אַתָּ֡ה וְקָרָ֣אתָ בַמְּגִלָּ֣ה אֲשֶׁר־כָּתַֽבְתָּ־מִפִּי֩ אֶת־דִּבְרֵ֨י יְהוָ֜ה בְּאָזְנֵ֥י הָעָ֛ם בֵּ֥ית יְהוָ֖ה בְּי֣וֹם צ֑וֹם
וְגַ֨ם בְּאָזְנֵ֧י כָל־יְהוּדָ֛ה הַבָּאִ֥ים מֵעָרֵיהֶ֖ם תִּקְרָאֵֽם
6So you enter yourself, and recite from the scroll that you have written from my mandate, the words of Yahweh, in the ears of the people, the house of Yahweh, in the day of a fast,
and even in the ears of all Judah that come from their cities, you will recite them.
3c4B34
19
אוּלַ֞י תִּפֹּ֤ל תְּחִנָּתָם֙ לִפְנֵ֣י יְהוָ֔ה וְיָשֻׁ֕בוּ אִ֖ישׁ מִדַּרְכּ֣וֹ הָרָעָ֑ה
כִּֽי־גָד֤וֹל הָאַף֙ וְהַ֣חֵמָ֔ה אֲשֶׁר־דִּבֶּ֥ר יְהוָ֖ה אֶל־הָעָ֥ם הַזֶּֽה
7Maybe their supplication will fall in the presence of Yahweh, and they will turn each from its evil way,
for great is the anger and the heat that Yahweh has spoken to this people.
3e4C23
19
וַיַּ֗עַשׂ בָּרוּךְ֙ בֶּן־נֵ֣רִיָּ֔ה כְּכֹ֥ל אֲשֶׁר־צִוָּ֖הוּ יִרְמְיָ֣הוּ הַנָּבִ֑יא
לִקְרֹ֥א בַסֵּ֛פֶר דִּבְרֵ֥י יְהוָ֖ה בֵּ֥ית יְהֹוָֽה
8And Baruch, child of Neriah, did according to everything that Jeremiah the prophet had commanded him,
to recite in the book, the words of Yahweh, the house of Yahweh.
3d4B23
13
וַיְהִ֣י בַשָּׁנָ֣ה הַ֠חֲמִשִׁית לִיהוֹיָקִ֨ים בֶּן־יֹאשִׁיָּ֤הוּ מֶֽלֶךְ־יְהוּדָה֙ בַּחֹ֣דֶשׁ הַתְּשִׁעִ֔י קָרְא֨וּ צ֜וֹם לִפְנֵ֧י יְהוָ֛ה כָּל־הָעָ֖ם בִּירֽוּשָׁלִָ֑ם
וְכָל־הָעָ֗ם הַבָּאִ֛ים מֵעָרֵ֥י יְהוּדָ֖ה בִּירוּשָׁלִָֽם
9And it happened in the fifth year of Jehoiachim, child of Josiah, king of Judah, in the ninth new moon, they proclaimed a fast in the presence of Yahweh, all the people in Jerusalem,
and all the people that came from the cities of Judah into Jerusalem.
3c4C43
17
וַיִּקְרָ֨א בָר֥וּךְ בַּסֵּ֛פֶר אֶת־דִּבְרֵ֥י יִרְמְיָ֖הוּ בֵּ֣ית יְהוָ֑ה
בְּלִשְׁכַּ֡ת גְּמַרְיָהוּ֩ בֶן־שָׁפָ֨ן הַסֹּפֵ֜ר בֶּחָצֵ֣ר הָעֶלְי֗וֹן פֶּ֣תַח שַׁ֤עַר בֵּית־יְהוָה֙ הֶֽחָדָ֔שׁ בְּאָזְנֵ֖י כָּל־הָעָֽם
10And Baruch recited in the book, the words of Jeremiah, the house of Yahweh,
in the chamber of Gemariah, child of Shaphan, the secretary, in the higher court, at the door of the new gate of the house of Yahweh, in the ears of all the people.
3d4C18
35
וַ֠יִּשְׁמַ֗ע מִכָ֨יְהוּ בֶן־גְּמַרְיָ֧הוּ בֶן־שָׁפָ֛ן אֶת־כָּל־דִּבְרֵ֥י יְהוָ֖ה מֵעַ֥ל הַסֵּֽפֶר11~And Mikaiah child of Gemariah child of Shaphan heard all the words of Yahweh from the book.3c3g25
וַיֵּ֤רֶד בֵּית־הַמֶּ֙לֶךְ֙ עַל־לִשְׁכַּ֣ת הַסֹּפֵ֔ר וְהִ֨נֵּה־שָׁ֔ם כָּל־הַשָּׂרִ֖ים יֽוֹשְׁבִ֑ים
אֱלִישָׁמָ֣ע הַסֹּפֵ֡ר וּדְלָיָ֣הוּ בֶן־שְׁ֠מַעְיָהוּ וְאֶלְנָתָ֨ן בֶּן־עַכְבּ֜וֹר וּגְמַרְיָ֧הוּ בֶן־שָׁפָ֛ן וְצִדְקִיָּ֥הוּ בֶן־חֲנַנְיָ֖הוּ וְכָל־הַשָּׂרִֽים
12And he descended to the house of the king, to the chamber of the secretary, and behold there sat all the nobility,
Elishama the secretary, and Delaiah child of Shemaiah, and Elnathan child of Acbor, and Gemariah child of Shaphan, Zedekiah child of Hananiah, and all the nobility.
3c4C23
45
וַיַּגֵּ֤ד לָהֶם֙ מִכָ֔יְהוּ אֵ֥ת כָּל־הַדְּבָרִ֖ים אֲשֶׁ֣ר שָׁמֵ֑עַ
בִּקְרֹ֥א בָר֛וּךְ בַּסֵּ֖פֶר בְּאָזְנֵ֥י הָעָֽם
13Then Mikaiah made evident to them all the things that he heard,
in the recitation of Baruch in the book, in the ears of the people.
3d4C18
12
וַיִּשְׁלְח֨וּ כָל־הַשָּׂרִ֜ים אֶל־בָּר֗וּךְ אֶת־יְהוּדִ֡י בֶּן־נְ֠תַנְיָהוּ בֶּן־שֶׁלֶמְיָ֣הוּ בֶן־כּוּשִׁי֮ לֵאמֹר֒ הַמְּגִלָּ֗ה אֲשֶׁ֨ר קָרָ֤אתָ בָּהּ֙ בְּאָזְנֵ֣י הָעָ֔ם קָחֶ֥נָּה בְיָדְךָ֖ וָלֵ֑ךְ
וַ֠יִּקַּח בָּר֨וּךְ בֶּן־נֵרִיָּ֤הוּ אֶת־הַמְּגִלָּה֙ בְּיָד֔וֹ וַיָּבֹ֖א אֲלֵיהֶֽם
14And all the nobles sent Jehudi, child of Nathaniah, child of Shelemyah, child of Cushi, to Baruch, saying, The scroll that you recited through in the ears of the people, take in your hand and come.
And Baruch child of Neriah took the scroll in his hand, and complied with them.
3e4C52
23
וַיֹּאמְר֣וּ אֵלָ֔יו שֵׁ֣ב נָ֔א וּקְרָאֶ֖נָּה בְּאָזְנֵ֑ינוּ
וַיִּקְרָ֥א בָר֖וּךְ בְּאָזְנֵיהֶֽם
15And they said to him, Sit, if you will, and recite it in our ears.
And Baruch recited in their ears.
3e4B15
9
וַיְהִ֗י כְּשָׁמְעָם֙ אֶת־כָּל־הַדְּבָרִ֔ים פָּחֲד֖וּ אִ֣ישׁ אֶל־רֵעֵ֑הוּ
וַיֹּֽאמְרוּ֙ אֶל־בָּר֔וּךְ הַגֵּ֤יד נַגִּיד֙ לַמֶּ֔לֶךְ אֵ֥ת כָּל־הַדְּבָרִ֖ים הָאֵֽלֶּה
16And it happened as they were hearing all the words, they were in dread, each to his friend,
and they said to Baruch, We will be sure to make all these words clear to the king.
3e4C18
21
וְאֶ֨ת־בָּר֔וּךְ שָׁאֲל֖וּ לֵאמֹ֑ר
הַגֶּד־נָ֣א לָ֔נוּ אֵ֗יךְ כָּתַ֛בְתָּ אֶת־כָּל־הַדְּבָרִ֥ים הָאֵ֖לֶּה מִפִּֽיו
17And they asked Baruch, saying,
Tell us, if you will, how you have written all words these from his mouth.
3d4B9
19
וַיֹּ֤אמֶר לָהֶם֙ בָּר֔וּךְ מִפִּיו֙ יִקְרָ֣א אֵלַ֔י אֵ֥ת כָּל־הַדְּבָרִ֖ים הָאֵ֑לֶּה
וַאֲנִ֛י כֹּתֵ֥ב עַל־הַסֵּ֖פֶר בַּדְּיֽוֹ
18And Baruch said to them, From his mouth he recited to me all these words,
and I wrote in the book with ink.
3d4C21
11
וַיֹּאמְר֤וּ הַשָּׂרִים֙ אֶל־בָּר֔וּךְ לֵ֥ךְ הִסָּתֵ֖ר אַתָּ֣ה וְיִרְמְיָ֑הוּ
וְאִ֥ישׁ אַל־יֵדַ֖ע אֵיפֹ֥ה אַתֶּֽם
19And the nobles said to Baruch, For yourself, hide. You and Jeremiah,
and let no person know where you are.
3e4C20
9
וַיָּבֹ֤אוּ אֶל־הַמֶּ֙לֶךְ֙ חָצֵ֔רָה וְאֶת־הַמְּגִלָּ֣ה הִפְקִ֔דוּ בְּלִשְׁכַּ֖ת אֱלִישָׁמָ֣ע הַסֹּפֵ֑ר
וַיַּגִּ֙ידוּ֙ בְּאָזְנֵ֣י הַמֶּ֔לֶךְ אֵ֖ת כָּל־הַדְּבָרִֽים
20And they came to the king toward the court, and the scroll they entrusted to the chamber of Elishama, the secretary.
And they announced all the words in the ears of the king.
3e4C28
15
וַיִּשְׁלַ֨ח הַמֶּ֜לֶךְ אֶת־יְהוּדִ֗י לָקַ֙חַת֙ אֶת־הַמְּגִלָּ֔ה וַיִּ֨קָּחֶ֔הָ מִלִּשְׁכַּ֖ת אֱלִישָׁמָ֣ע הַסֹּפֵ֑ר
וַיִּקְרָאֶ֤הָ יְהוּדִי֙ בְּאָזְנֵ֣י הַמֶּ֔לֶךְ וּבְאָזְנֵי֙ כָּל־הַשָּׂרִ֔ים הָעֹמְדִ֖ים מֵעַ֥ל הַמֶּֽלֶךְ
21And the king sent Jehudi to receive the scroll, and he took it from the chamber of Elishama, the secretary,
and Jehudi recited it in the ears of the king, and in the ears of all the nobles standing beside the king.
3e4C32
29
וְהַמֶּ֗לֶךְ יוֹשֵׁב֙ בֵּ֣ית הַחֹ֔רֶף בַּחֹ֖דֶשׁ הַתְּשִׁיעִ֑י
וְאֶת־הָאָ֖ח לְפָנָ֥יו מְבֹעָֽרֶת
22And the king sat in the autumn-house in the ninth new moon,
and the hearth before him was kindled.
3e4B16
11
וַיְהִ֣י ׀ כִּקְר֣וֹא יְהוּדִ֗י שָׁלֹ֣שׁ דְּלָתוֹת֮ וְאַרְבָּעָה֒ יִֽקְרָעֶ֙הָ֙ בְּתַ֣עַר הַסֹּפֵ֔ר וְהַשְׁלֵ֕ךְ אֶל־הָאֵ֖שׁ אֲשֶׁ֣ר אֶל־הָאָ֑ח
עַד־תֹּם֙ כָּל־הַמְּגִלָּ֔ה עַל־הָאֵ֖שׁ אֲשֶׁ֥ר עַל־הָאָֽח
23And it happened as Jehudi recited three columns, or four, he ripped the book with a razor, and he flung into the fire that was in the hearth,
until all the scroll was completely in the fire that was on the hearth.
3e4B37
14
וְלֹ֣א פָחֲד֔וּ וְלֹ֥א קָרְע֖וּ אֶת־בִּגְדֵיהֶ֑ם
הַמֶּ֙לֶךְ֙ וְכָל־עֲבָדָ֔יו הַשֹּׁ֣מְעִ֔ים אֵ֥ת כָּל־הַדְּבָרִ֖ים הָאֵֽלֶּה
24And they were not in dread, and they did not rip their garments,
the king, and all his servants who were hearing all these words.
3e4B13
19
וְגַם֩ אֶלְנָתָ֨ן וּדְלָיָ֤הוּ וּגְמַרְיָ֙הוּ֙ הִפְגִּ֣עוּ בַמֶּ֔לֶךְ לְבִלְתִּ֥י שְׂרֹ֖ף אֶת־הַמְּגִלָּ֑ה
וְלֹ֥א שָׁמַ֖ע אֲלֵיהֶֽם
25And moreover, Elnathan and Delaiah and Gemariah had intervened with the king not to incinerate the scroll,
but he did not pay heed to them.
3e4C28
7
וַיְצַוֶּ֣ה הַ֠מֶּלֶךְ אֶת־יְרַחְמְאֵ֨ל בֶּן־הַמֶּ֜לֶךְ וְאֶת־שְׂרָיָ֣הוּ בֶן־עַזְרִיאֵ֗ל וְאֶת־שֶֽׁלֶמְיָ֙הוּ֙ בֶּֽן־עַבְדְּאֵ֔ל לָקַ֙חַת֙ אֶת־בָּר֣וּךְ הַסֹּפֵ֔ר וְאֵ֖ת יִרְמְיָ֣הוּ הַנָּבִ֑יא
וַיַּסְתִּרֵ֖ם יְהוָֽה
26And the king commanded Jerahmeel child of Hammelech, and Saraiah child of Azriel, and Shelemyah child of Abdiel, to take Baruch, the secretary, and Jeremiah the prophet,
but Yahweh had hidden them.
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וַיְהִ֥י דְבַר־יְהוָ֖ה אֶֽל־יִרְמְיָ֑הוּ
אַחֲרֵ֣י ׀ שְׂרֹ֣ף הַמֶּ֗לֶךְ אֶת־הַמְּגִלָּה֙ וְאֶת־הַדְּבָרִ֔ים אֲשֶׁ֨ר כָּתַ֥ב בָּר֛וּךְ מִפִּ֥י יִרְמְיָ֖הוּ לֵאמֹֽר
27And the word of Yahweh happened to Jeremiah,
after the king had incinerated the scroll and the matters that Baruch wrote from the mandate of Jeremiah, saying,
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שׁ֥וּב קַח־לְךָ֖ מְגִלָּ֣ה אַחֶ֑רֶת
וּכְתֹ֣ב עָלֶ֗יהָ אֵ֤ת כָּל־הַדְּבָרִים֙ הָרִ֣אשֹׁנִ֔ים אֲשֶׁ֣ר הָי֗וּ עַל־הַמְּגִלָּה֙ הָרִ֣אשֹׁנָ֔ה אֲשֶׁ֥ר שָׂרַ֖ף יְהוֹיָקִ֥ים מֶֽלֶךְ־יְהוּדָֽה
28fReturn, take for yourself another scroll,
and write on it all the former words that were upon the first scroll that Jehoiachim king of Judah incinerated.
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וְעַל־יְהוֹיָקִ֤ים מֶֽלֶךְ־יְהוּדָה֙ תֹּאמַ֔ר כֹּ֖ה אָמַ֣ר יְהוָ֑ה
אַ֠תָּה שָׂרַ֜פְתָּ אֶת־הַמְּגִלָּ֤ה הַזֹּאת֙ לֵאמֹ֔ר מַדּוּעַ֩ כָּתַ֨בְתָּ עָלֶ֜יהָ לֵאמֹ֗ר בֹּֽא־יָב֤וֹא מֶֽלֶךְ־בָּבֶל֙ וְהִשְׁחִית֙ אֶת־הָאָ֣רֶץ הַזֹּ֔את וְהִשְׁבִּ֥ית מִמֶּ֖נָּה אָדָ֥ם וּבְהֵמָֽה
29And to Jehoiachim, king of Judah, you will say, Thus says Yahweh,
You, yourself have incinerated this scroll, saying, For what purpose have you written on it to say, Coming, coming is the king of Babel, and he will destroy this land and make human and beast cease from it.
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לָכֵ֞ן כֹּֽה־אָמַ֣ר יְהוָ֗ה עַל־יְהֽוֹיָקִים֙ מֶ֣לֶךְ יְהוּדָ֔ה לֹא־יִֽהְיֶה־לּ֥וֹ יוֹשֵׁ֖ב עַל־כִּסֵּ֣א דָוִ֑ד
וְנִבְלָתוֹ֙ תִּֽהְיֶ֣ה מֻשְׁלֶ֔כֶת לַחֹ֥רֶב בַּיּ֖וֹם וְלַקֶּ֥רַח בַּלָּֽיְלָה
30Therefore thus says Yahweh against Jehoiachim, king of Judah, There will not be for him, one to sit on the throne of David,
and his corpse will be flung to the desert in the day, and to the ice in the night.
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וּפָקַדְתִּ֨י עָלָ֧יו וְעַל־זַרְע֛וֹ וְעַל־עֲבָדָ֖יו אֶת־עֲוֺנָ֑ם
וְהֵבֵאתִ֣י עֲ֠לֵיהֶם וְעַל־יֹשְׁבֵ֨י יְרוּשָׁלִַ֜ם וְאֶל־אִ֣ישׁ יְהוּדָ֗ה אֵ֧ת כָּל־הָרָעָ֛ה אֲשֶׁר־דִּבַּ֥רְתִּי אֲלֵיהֶ֖ם וְלֹ֥א שָׁמֵֽעוּ
31And I will visit upon him, and upon his seed, and upon his servants, their iniquity,
and I will bring upon them, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and to anyone of Judah, all the evil that I have spoken to them and they did not hear.
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וְיִרְמְיָ֜הוּ לָקַ֣ח ׀ מְגִלָּ֣ה אַחֶ֗רֶת וַֽיִּתְּנָהּ֮ אֶל־בָּר֣וּךְ בֶּן־נֵרִיָּהוּ֮ הַסֹּפֵר֒ וַיִּכְתֹּ֤ב עָלֶ֙יהָ֙ מִפִּ֣י יִרְמְיָ֔הוּ אֵ֚ת כָּל־דִּבְרֵ֣י הַסֵּ֔פֶר אֲשֶׁ֥ר שָׂרַ֛ף יְהוֹיָקִ֥ים מֶֽלֶךְ־יְהוּדָ֖ה בָּאֵ֑שׁ
וְע֨וֹד נוֹסַ֧ף עֲלֵיהֶ֛ם דְּבָרִ֥ים רַבִּ֖ים כָּהֵֽמָּה
32And Jeremiah took another scroll and gave it to Baruch, child of Neriah, the secretary, and he wrote on it, from the mandate of Jeremiah, all the words of the book that Jehoiachim king of Judah incinerated in the fire.
And further, many words like them were added to them.
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