Thursday, March 16, 2017

Deuteronomy 12

This is the first chapter I have done which contains the specific command to abstain from eating blood. It is not the life חיה that is in the body, but the soul נפשׁ, so why does the tradition translate it as life? Surely that is confusing. There is mystery for me in this command. It is bad enough that we take life to live. (And I am not vegetarian, though I was for a few years, sufficiently long to learn something useful about vegetables and cooking.)

Since this is a soulless translation, (I do not use the lovely word soul because its common usage is too incorporeal), I cannot use it, so what will I put in its place? Being is equally iffy, (and I am generally unhappy with that gloss anyway and use it as little as possible).

By the way these are my choices to date (after an adjustment or two):

נפשׁ being, my being(1 acrostic), being(191), beings(9), cadaver(17), find themselves(1), group(16), groups together(1), himself(4), individual(11), integrity(21), itself(3), myself(3), now being(1), now(1), o being(10), ourselves(2), own(2), regrouped(1), self(20), self-(1), selves(2), themselves(10), throat(14), untranslated(2), very self(28), very selves(3), yourselves(1)

Possibly, this chapter and others we have noted constitute a critical move away from superstition and the exploitation that attends it.  Possibly ...

Deuteronomy 12 Fn Min Max Syll
אֵ֠לֶּה הַֽחֻקִּ֣ים וְהַמִּשְׁפָּטִים֮ אֲשֶׁ֣ר תִּשְׁמְר֣וּן לַעֲשׂוֹת֒ בָּאָ֕רֶץ אֲשֶׁר֩ נָתַ֨ן יְהוָ֜ה אֱלֹהֵ֧י אֲבֹתֶ֛יךָ לְךָ֖ לְרִשְׁתָּ֑הּ
כָּל־הַיָּמִ֔ים אֲשֶׁר־אַתֶּ֥ם חַיִּ֖ים עַל־הָאֲדָמָֽה
1 ~ These are the statutes and the judgments which you will keep watch to do in the land that Yahweh the God of your ancestors has given to you to possess,
all the days that you live over the ground.
3c 4B 39
15
אַבֵּ֣ד תְּ֠אַבְּדוּן אֶֽת־כָּל־הַמְּקֹמ֞וֹת אֲשֶׁ֧ר עָֽבְדוּ־שָׁ֣ם הַגּוֹיִ֗ם אֲשֶׁ֥ר אַתֶּ֛ם יֹרְשִׁ֥ים אֹתָ֖ם אֶת־אֱלֹהֵיהֶ֑ם
עַל־הֶהָרִ֤ים הָֽרָמִים֙ וְעַל־הַגְּבָע֔וֹת וְתַ֖חַת כָּל־עֵ֥ץ רַעֲנָן
2 You will eliminate all the places where the nations whom you are possessing served their God,
over the hills that are high, and on the hillocks, and under every green tree.
3c 4C 31
20
וְנִתַּצְתֶּ֣ם אֶת־מִזְבּחֹתָ֗ם וְשִׁבַּרְתֶּם֙ אֶת־מַצֵּ֣בֹתָ֔ם וַאֲשֵֽׁרֵיהֶם֙ תִּשְׂרְפ֣וּן בָּאֵ֔שׁ וּפְסִילֵ֥י אֱלֹֽהֵיהֶ֖ם תְּגַדֵּע֑וּן
וְאִבַּדְתֶּ֣ם אֶת־שְׁמָ֔ם מִן־הַמָּק֖וֹם הַהֽוּא
3 And you will break down their altars, and break their monuments, and their fetishes you will incinerate in the fire, and the graven images of their God you will chop down,
and eliminate their name from that place.
3e 4B 39
13
לֹֽא־תַעֲשׂ֣וּן כֵּ֔ן לַיהוָ֖ה אֱלֹהֵיכֶֽם 4 You will not construct such to Yahweh your God. 3e 4B 10
כִּ֠י אִֽם־אֶל־הַמָּק֞וֹם אֲשֶׁר־יִבְחַ֨ר יְהוָ֤ה אֱלֹֽהֵיכֶם֙ מִכָּל־שִׁבְטֵיכֶ֔ם לָשׂ֥וּם אֶת־שְׁמ֖וֹ שָׁ֑ם
לְשִׁכְנ֥וֹ תִדְרְשׁ֖וּ וּבָ֥אתָ שָֽׁמָּה
5 ~ But rather at the place where Yahweh your God will choose from all your bands to put his name there,
to his dwelling you will search, and there you will come.
3e 4C 27
11
וַהֲבֵאתֶ֣ם שָׁ֗מָּה עֹלֹֽתֵיכֶם֙ וְזִבְחֵיכֶ֔ם וְאֵת֙ מַעְשְׂרֹ֣תֵיכֶ֔ם וְאֵ֖ת תְּרוּמַ֣ת יֶדְכֶ֑ם
וְנִדְרֵיכֶם֙ וְנִדְבֹ֣תֵיכֶ֔ם וּבְכֹרֹ֥ת בְּקַרְכֶ֖ם וְצֹאנְכֶֽם
6 And you will come there with your burnt offerings, and your sacrifices, and your tithes, and the contribution of your hand,
and your vows, and your freewill offerings, and the firstborn of your herd and your flock.
3e 4B 28
18
וַאֲכַלְתֶּם־שָׁ֗ם לִפְנֵי֙ יְהוָ֣ה אֱלֹֽהֵיכֶ֔ם וּשְׂמַחְתֶּ֗ם בְּכֹל֙ מִשְׁלַ֣ח יֶדְכֶ֔ם אַתֶּ֖ם וּבָתֵּיכֶ֑ם
אֲשֶׁ֥ר בֵּֽרַכְךָ֖ יְהוָ֥ה אֱלֹהֶֽיךָ
7 And you will eat there before Yahweh your God, and you will be glad in all that you put your hand to do, you and your households,
in that Yahweh your God has blessed you.
3e 4B 28
11
לֹ֣א תַעֲשׂ֔וּן כְּ֠כֹל אֲשֶׁ֨ר אֲנַ֧חְנוּ עֹשִׂ֛ים פֹּ֖ה הַיּ֑וֹם
אִ֖ישׁ כָּל־הַיָּשָׁ֥ר בְּעֵינָֽיו
8 B You will not do as all that we do here today,
each person everything that is upright in its own eyes.
3c 4B 16
8
כִּ֥י לֹא־בָּאתֶ֖ם עַד־עָ֑תָּה
אֶל־הַמְּנוּחָה֙ וְאֶל־הַֽנַּחֲלָ֔ה אֲשֶׁר־יְהוָ֥ה אֱלֹהֶ֖יךָ נֹתֵ֥ן לָֽךְ
9 f For you have not yet arrived at the rest and to the inheritance that Yahweh your God is giving to you. 3e 4A 6
21
וַעֲבַרְתֶּם֮ אֶת־הַיַּרְדֵּן֒ וִֽישַׁבְתֶּ֣ם בָּאָ֔רֶץ אֲשֶׁר־יְהוָ֥ה אֱלֹהֵיכֶ֖ם מַנְחִ֣יל אֶתְכֶ֑ם
וְהֵנִ֨יחַ לָכֶ֧ם מִכָּל־אֹיְבֵיכֶ֛ם מִסָּבִ֖יב וִֽישַׁבְתֶּם־בֶּֽטַח
10 And you will cross the Jordan, and you will settle in the land that Yahweh your God makes you inherit,
and he will give rest you from all your surrounding enemies, and you will settle in trust.
3c 4B 26
19
וְהָיָ֣ה הַמָּק֗וֹם אֲשֶׁר־יִבְחַר֩ יְהוָ֨ה אֱלֹהֵיכֶ֥ם בּוֹ֙ לְשַׁכֵּ֤ן שְׁמוֹ֙ שָׁ֔ם שָׁ֣מָּה תָבִ֔יאוּ אֵ֛ת כָּל־אֲשֶׁ֥ר אָנֹכִ֖י מְצַוֶּ֣ה אֶתְכֶ֑ם
עוֹלֹתֵיכֶ֣ם וְזִבְחֵיכֶ֗ם מַעְשְׂרֹֽתֵיכֶם֙ וּתְרֻמַ֣ת יֶדְכֶ֔ם וְכֹל֙ מִבְחַ֣ר נִדְרֵיכֶ֔ם אֲשֶׁ֥ר תִּדְּר֖וּ לַֽיהוָֽה
11 And there will be the place where Yahweh your God will choose for his name to dwell there.
Toward there you will come with all that I am commanding you: your burnt offerings, and your sacrifices, your tithes, and the contribution of your hand, and all chosen your vows which you will vow to Yahweh.
3d 4C 40
31
וּשְׂמַחְתֶּ֗ם לִפְנֵי֮ יְהוָ֣ה אֱלֹֽהֵיכֶם֒ אַתֶּ֗ם וּבְנֵיכֶם֙ וּבְנֹ֣תֵיכֶ֔ם וְעַבְדֵיכֶ֖ם וְאַמְהֹתֵיכֶ֑ם
וְהַלֵּוִי֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר בְּשַֽׁעֲרֵיכֶ֔ם כִּ֣י אֵ֥ין ל֛וֹ חֵ֥לֶק וְנַחֲלָ֖ה אִתְּכֶֽם
12 And you will be glad before Yahweh your God, you and your sons, and your daughters, and your manservants, and your maidservants, and the Levite that is in your gates,
for he is without share or inheritance with you.
3d 4B 29
22
הִשָּׁ֣מֶר לְךָ֔ פֶּֽן־תַּעֲלֶ֖ה עֹלֹתֶ֑יךָ
בְּכָל־מָק֖וֹם אֲשֶׁ֥ר תִּרְאֶֽה
13 Keep watch for yourself lest you offer your burnt offerings,
in every place that you will see.
3e 4B 13
8
כִּ֣י אִם־בַּמָּק֞וֹם אֲשֶׁר־יִבְחַ֤ר יְהוָה֙ בְּאַחַ֣ד שְׁבָטֶ֔יךָ שָׁ֖ם תַּעֲלֶ֣ה עֹלֹתֶ֑יךָ
וְשָׁ֣ם תַּעֲשֶׂ֔ה כֹּ֛ל אֲשֶׁ֥ר אָנֹכִ֖י מְצַוֶּֽךָּ
14 B In contrast, in the place where Yahweh will choose, in one of your bands, there you will offer your burnt offerings,
and there will you do all that I am commanding you.
3d 4C 26
15
רַק֩ בְּכָל־אַוַּ֨ת נַפְשְׁךָ֜ תִּזְבַּ֣ח ׀ וְאָכַלְתָּ֣ בָשָׂ֗ר כְּבִרְכַּ֨ת יְהוָ֧ה אֱלֹהֶ֛יךָ אֲשֶׁ֥ר נָֽתַן־לְךָ֖ בְּכָל־שְׁעָרֶ֑יךָ
הַטָּמֵ֤א וְהַטָּהוֹר֙ יֹאכְלֶ֔נּוּ כַּצְּבִ֖י וְכָאַיָּֽל
15 ~ But in every intense desire of your being, you will sacrifice, and you will eat flesh, according to the blessing of Yahweh your God, that he has given to you in all your gates.
The unclean and the clean will eat of it, as for gazelle and as for hart.
3c 4C 37
16
רַ֥ק הַדָּ֖ם לֹ֣א תֹאכֵ֑לוּ
עַל־הָאָ֥רֶץ תִּשְׁפְּכֶ֖נּוּ כַּמָּֽיִם
16 f But the blood you will not eat.
Over the earth, you will pour it out like water.
3e 4B 7
11
לֹֽא־תוּכַ֞ל לֶאֱכֹ֣ל בִּשְׁעָרֶ֗יךָ מַעְשַׂ֤ר דְּגָֽנְךָ֙ וְתִֽירֹשְׁךָ֣ וְיִצְהָרֶ֔ךָ וּבְכֹרֹ֥ת בְּקָרְךָ֖ וְצֹאנֶ֑ךָ
וְכָל־נְדָרֶ֙יךָ֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר תִּדֹּ֔ר וְנִדְבֹתֶ֖יךָ וּתְרוּמַ֥ת יָדֶֽךָ
17 You may not eat in your gates the tithes of your grain, and your new wine, and your fresh oil, or the firstborn of your herd or your flock,
and all your vows that you have vowed, or your freewill offerings, or the contribution of your hand.
3e 4C 33
21
כִּ֡י אִם־לִפְנֵי֩ יְהוָ֨ה אֱלֹהֶ֜יךָ תֹּאכְלֶ֗נּוּ בַּמָּקוֹם֙ אֲשֶׁ֨ר יִבְחַ֜ר יְהוָ֣ה אֱלֹהֶיךָ֮ בּוֹ֒ אַתָּ֨ה וּבִנְךָ֤ וּבִתֶּ֙ךָ֙ וְעַבְדְּךָ֣ וַאֲמָתֶ֔ךָ וְהַלֵּוִ֖י אֲשֶׁ֣ר בִּשְׁעָרֶ֑יךָ
וְשָׂמַחְתָּ֗ לִפְנֵי֙ יְהוָ֣ה אֱלֹהֶ֔יךָ בְּכֹ֖ל מִשְׁלַ֥ח יָדֶֽךָ
18 ~ In contrast, in the presence of Yahweh your God you will eat it, in the place which Yahweh your God will choose for it, you and your son, and your daughter, and your manservant, and your maidservant, and the Levite that is in your gates,
and you will be glad in the presence of Yahweh your God in all that you put your hand to do.
3e 4C 55
19
הִשָּׁ֣מֶר לְךָ֔ פֶּֽן־תַּעֲזֹ֖ב אֶת־הַלֵּוִ֑י
כָּל־יָמֶ֖יךָ עַל־אַדְמָתֶֽךָ
19 Keep watch for yourself lest you forsake the Levite,
all your days on your ground.
3e 4B 13
9
כִּֽי־יַרְחִיב֩ יְהוָ֨ה אֱלֹהֶ֥יךָ אֶֽת־גְּבֽוּלְךָ֮ כַּאֲשֶׁ֣ר דִּבֶּר־לָךְ֒ וְאָמַרְתָּ֙ אֹכְלָ֣ה בָשָׂ֔ר כִּֽי־תְאַוֶּ֥ה נַפְשְׁךָ֖ לֶאֱכֹ֣ל בָּשָׂ֑ר
בְּכָל־אַוַּ֥ת נַפְשְׁךָ֖ תֹּאכַ֥ל בָּשָֽׂר
20 For Yahweh your God will enlarge your borders, as he spoke to you. Then you will say, I will eat flesh, because you desire to eat flesh.
In every intense desire of your being, you will eat flesh.
3e 4B 39
11
כִּֽי־יִרְחַ֨ק מִמְּךָ֜ הַמָּק֗וֹם אֲשֶׁ֨ר יִבְחַ֜ר יְהוָ֣ה אֱלֹהֶיךָ֮ לָשׂ֣וּם שְׁמ֣וֹ שָׁם֒ וְזָבַחְתָּ֞ מִבְּקָרְךָ֣ וּמִצֹּֽאנְךָ֗ אֲשֶׁ֨ר נָתַ֤ן יְהוָה֙ לְךָ֔ כַּאֲשֶׁ֖ר צִוִּיתִ֑ךָ
וְאָֽכַלְתָּ֙ בִּשְׁעָרֶ֔יךָ בְּכֹ֖ל אַוַּ֥ת נַפְשֶֽׁךָ
21 If the place where Yahweh your God will choose to put his name there is too distant from you, then you will offer from your herd and from your flock that Yahweh has given you, as I have commanded you,
and you will eat in your gates with every intense desire of your being.
3e 4C 49
15
אַ֗ךְ כַּאֲשֶׁ֨ר יֵאָכֵ֤ל אֶֽת־הַצְּבִי֙ וְאֶת־הָ֣אַיָּ֔ל כֵּ֖ן תֹּאכְלֶ֑נּוּ
הַטָּמֵא֙ וְהַטָּה֔וֹר יַחְדָּ֖ו יֹאכְלֶֽנּוּ
22 ~ Surely as the gazelle and the ram will be eaten, such you will eat.
The unclean and the clean as one will eat of it.
3e 4C 19
12
רַ֣ק חֲזַ֗ק לְבִלְתִּי֙ אֲכֹ֣ל הַדָּ֔ם כִּ֥י הַדָּ֖ם ה֣וּא הַנָּ֑פֶשׁ
וְלֹא־תֹאכַ֥ל הַנֶּ֖פֶשׁ עִם־הַבָּשָֽׂר
23 B But you be resolute not to eat the blood, for the blood, it is the integrity,
and you will not eat the integrity with the flesh.
3e 4B 17
10
לֹ֖א תֹּאכְלֶ֑נּוּ
עַל־הָאָ֥רֶץ תִּשְׁפְּכֶ֖נּוּ כַּמָּֽיִם
24 g You will not eat it.
Over the earth, you will pour it out like water.
3e 4A 4
11
לֹ֖א תֹּאכְלֶ֑נּוּ
לְמַ֨עַן יִיטַ֤ב לְךָ֙ וּלְבָנֶ֣יךָ אַחֲרֶ֔יךָ כִּֽי־תַעֲשֶׂ֥ה הַיָּשָׁ֖ר בְּעֵינֵ֥י יְהוָֽה
25 g You will not eat it so that it may be good for you and for your children after you,
for you will do what is upright in the eyes of Yahweh.
3e 4C 4
26
רַ֧ק קָֽדָשֶׁ֛יךָ אֲשֶׁר־יִהְי֥וּ לְךָ֖ וּנְדָרֶ֑יךָ
תִּשָּׂ֣א וּבָ֔אתָ אֶל־הַמָּק֖וֹם אֲשֶׁר־יִבְחַ֥ר יְהוָֽה
26 c But your holy things which there will be for you, and your vows,
you will lift up, and you will come to the place that Yahweh will choose.
3c 4B 15
15
וְעָשִׂ֤יתָ עֹלֹתֶ֙יךָ֙ הַבָּשָׂ֣ר וְהַדָּ֔ם עַל־מִזְבַּ֖ח יְהוָ֣ה אֱלֹהֶ֑יךָ
וְדַם־זְבָחֶ֗יךָ יִשָּׁפֵךְ֙ עַל־מִזְבַּח֙ יְהוָ֣ה אֱלֹהֶ֔יךָ וְהַבָּשָׂ֖ר תֹּאכֵֽל
27 And you will do your burnt offerings, the flesh and the blood, upon the altar of Yahweh your God,
and the blood of your offerings will be poured out upon the altar of Yahweh your God, and the flesh you will eat.
3e 4C 23
24
שְׁמֹ֣ר וְשָׁמַעְתָּ֗ אֵ֚ת כָּל־הַדְּבָרִ֣ים הָאֵ֔לֶּה אֲשֶׁ֥ר אָנֹכִ֖י מְצַוֶּ֑ךָּ
לְמַעַן֩ יִיטַ֨ב לְךָ֜ וּלְבָנֶ֤יךָ אַחֲרֶ֙יךָ֙ עַד־עוֹלָ֔ם כִּ֤י תַעֲשֶׂה֙ הַטּ֣וֹב וְהַיָּשָׁ֔ר בְּעֵינֵ֖י יְהוָ֥ה אֱלֹהֶֽיךָ
28 Keep, and you will hear, all these words which I am commanding you,
so that it may be good for you and for your children after you for evermore, because you will do what is good and what is upright in the eyes of Yahweh your God.
3e 4C 23
37
כִּֽי־יַכְרִית֩ יְהוָ֨ה אֱלֹהֶ֜יךָ אֶת־הַגּוֹיִ֗ם אֲשֶׁ֨ר אַתָּ֥ה בָא־שָׁ֛מָּה לָרֶ֥שֶׁת אוֹתָ֖ם מִפָּנֶ֑יךָ
וְיָרַשְׁתָּ֣ אֹתָ֔ם וְיָשַׁבְתָּ֖ בְּאַרְצָֽם
29 For Yahweh your God will cut off nations, that you are going toward to possess them, from your presence,
and you will possess them, and you will settle in their land.
3d 4B 29
13
הִשָּׁ֣מֶר לְךָ֗ פֶּן־תִּנָּקֵשׁ֙ אַחֲרֵיהֶ֔ם אַחֲרֵ֖י הִשָּׁמְדָ֣ם מִפָּנֶ֑יךָ
וּפֶן־תִּדְרֹ֨שׁ לֵֽאלֹהֵיהֶ֜ם לֵאמֹ֨ר אֵיכָ֨ה יַעַבְד֜וּ הַגּוֹיִ֤ם הָאֵ֙לֶּה֙ אֶת־אֱלֹ֣הֵיהֶ֔ם וְאֶעֱשֶׂה־כֵּ֖ן גַּם־אָֽנִי
30 Keep watch for yourself lest you be trapped following them after they are exterminated from your presence,
and lest you search out their gods, saying, How did these nations serve their God? And I will do so, even I.
3e 4C 23
34
לֹא־תַעֲשֶׂ֣ה כֵ֔ן לַיהוָ֖ה אֱלֹהֶ֑יךָ
כִּי֩ כָּל־תּוֹעֲבַ֨ת יְהוָ֜ה אֲשֶׁ֣ר שָׂנֵ֗א עָשׂוּ֙ לֵאלֹ֣הֵיהֶ֔ם כִּ֣י גַ֤ם אֶת־בְּנֵיהֶם֙ וְאֶת־בְּנֹ֣תֵיהֶ֔ם יִשְׂרְפ֥וּ בָאֵ֖שׁ לֵֽאלֹהֵיהֶֽם
31 You will not do so to Yahweh your God,
for every abomination to Yahweh that he hates, they have done to their gods. For even their sons and their daughters, they incinerate in the fire to their God.
3e 4C 10
38