Sunday, June 18, 2017

Proverbs 13

Verse1 leaves out the verb in the first colon, and provides it in the second. It is an unexpected ellipsis.

Again these are a subtle challenge to association. It is not difficult to see a verbal relationship to Psalm 1, but the shared word count is only about 25%. Check out  פרי רשׁע דרך חטא נתן עץ תורה ידע הלך לוץ. You will find 7 of them used in Proverbs in one sequence, and in Psalm 1 in reverse sequence. 6 roots occur more than 3 times in the chapter giving it a focus on נפשׁ, the word I never translate as soul.

Below (unedited) is the list of glosses I have used (so far) for some of my words in this chapter. You could try different choices. Note also that the interpretation of ו as and, or, but, so, etc, changes the meaning of a proverb. When is the second colon additive or contrasting or consequential?

Proverbs 13 Fn Min Max Syll
בֵּ֣ן חָ֭כָם מ֣וּסַר אָ֑ב
וְ֝לֵ֗ץ לֹא־שָׁמַ֥ע גְּעָרָֽה
1 B A wise child, the mentoring of a parent,
but a scorner does not hear rebuke.
3e 4B 6
7
מִפְּרִ֣י פִי־אִ֭ישׁ יֹ֣אכַל ט֑וֹב
וְנֶ֖פֶשׁ בֹּגְדִ֣ים חָמָֽס
2 From the fruit of the mouth of each, it will eat good,
but the throat of the treacherous, violence.
3e 4B 7
7
נֹצֵ֣ר פִּ֭יו שֹׁמֵ֣ר נַפְשׁ֑וֹ
פֹּשֵׂ֥ק שְׂ֝פָתָ֗יו מְחִתָּה־לֽוֹ
3 The one preserving its mouth keeps itself.
The one spreading wide its lips has its disarray.
3e 4B 7
9
מִתְאַוָּ֣ה וָ֭אַיִן נַפְשׁ֣וֹ עָצֵ֑ל
וְנֶ֖פֶשׁ חָרֻצִ֣ים תְּדֻשָּֽׁן
4 One who is desiring and there is nothing for it is a sloth,
but the decisive self will be fattened.
3e 4B 9
9
דְּבַר־שֶׁ֭קֶר יִשְׂנָ֣א צַדִּ֑יק
וְ֝רָשָׁ֗ע יַבְאִ֥ישׁ וְיַחְפִּֽיר
5 A false word, a righteous one hates,
but a wicked one makes a stink and is confounded.
3e 4B 8
8
צְ֭דָקָה תִּצֹּ֣ר תָּם־דָּ֑רֶךְ
וְ֝רִשְׁעָ֗ה תְּסַלֵּ֥ף חַטָּֽאת
6 g Righteousness preserves one complete of direction,
but wickedness undermines the sinner.
3e 4B 8
8
יֵ֣שׁ מִ֭תְעַשֵּׁר וְאֵ֣ין כֹּ֑ל
מִ֝תְרוֹשֵׁ֗שׁ וְה֣וֹן רָֽב
7 B There is what enriches and there is nothing at all,
what is wanting, but the value is abundant.
3e 4B 7
6
כֹּ֣פֶר נֶֽפֶשׁ־אִ֣ישׁ עָשְׁר֑וֹ
וְ֝רָ֗שׁ לֹא־שָׁמַ֥ע גְּעָרָֽה
8 B The cover-price of each self is its riches,
but one in want does not hear rebuke.
3e 4B 7
7
אוֹר־צַדִּיקִ֥ים יִשְׂמָ֑ח
וְנֵ֖ר רְשָׁעִ֣ים יִדְעָֽךְ
9 The light of the righteous makes glad,
but the lamp of the wicked will be extinguished.
3e 4B 6
7
רַק־בְּ֭זָדוֹן יִתֵּ֣ן מַצָּ֑ה
וְאֶת־נ֖וֹעָצִ֣ים חָכְמָֽה
10 Certainly presumption gives struggle,
but one who is advised, wisdom.
3e 4B 8
7
ה֭וֹן מֵהֶ֣בֶל יִמְעָ֑ט
וְקֹבֵ֖ץ עַל־יָ֣ד יַרְבֶּֽה
11 g Value from futility will decrease,
but collecting by hand will increase.
3e 4B 6
7
תּוֹחֶ֣לֶת מְ֭מֻשָּׁכָה מַחֲלָה־לֵ֑ב
וְעֵ֥ץ חַ֝יִּ֗ים תַּאֲוָ֥ה בָאָֽה
12 Hope drawn out sickens a heart,
but a tree of life is desire coming.
3e 4B 11
9
בָּ֣ז לְ֭דָבָר יֵחָ֣בֶל ל֑וֹ
וִירֵ֥א מִ֝צְוָ֗ה ה֣וּא יְשֻׁלָּֽם
13 B One who is contemptuous to the word will be marginalized for it,
but who fears a command, this will be repaid.
3e 4B 8
8
תּוֹרַ֣ת חָ֭כָם מְק֣וֹר חַיִּ֑ים
לָ֝ס֗וּר מִמֹּ֥קְשֵׁי מָֽוֶת
14 Instruction of one who is wise is a fountain of life,
to depart from the entrapments of death.
3e 4B 8
7
שֵֽׂכֶל־ט֭וֹב יִתֶּן־חֵ֑ן
וְדֶ֖רֶךְ בֹּגְדִ֣ים אֵיתָֽן
15 Good insight gives grace,
but the way of the treacherous is perennial.
3e 4B 6
7
כָּל־עָ֭רוּם יַעֲשֶׂ֣ה בְדָ֑עַת
וּ֝כְסִ֗יל יִפְרֹ֥שׂ אִוֶּֽלֶת
16 Everyone crafty deals with knowledge,
but a dullard spreads foolishness.
3e 4B 9
7
מַלְאָ֣ךְ רָ֭שָׁע יִפֹּ֣ל בְּרָ֑ע
וְצִ֖יר אֱמוּנִ֣ים מַרְפֵּֽא
17 A messenger of wickedness falls into evil,
but notification of faithfulness is healing.
3e 4B 8
7
רֵ֣ישׁ וְ֭קָלוֹן פּוֹרֵ֣עַ מוּסָ֑ר
וְשׁוֹמֵ֖ר תּוֹכַ֣חַת יְכֻבָּֽד
18 B Want and disgrace, one who neglects chastening,
but one who guards correction is glorified.
3e 4B 9
9
תַּאֲוָ֣ה נִ֭הְיָה תֶּעֱרַ֣ב לְנָ֑פֶשׁ
וְתוֹעֲבַ֥ת כְּ֝סִילִ֗ים ס֣וּר מֵרָֽע
19 Desire becoming is sweet to integrity,
and an abomination to dullards, to turn aside from evil.
3e 4B 11
10
הוֹלֵ֣ךְ אֶת־חֲכָמִ֣ים יֶחְכָּ֑ם
וְרֹעֶ֖ה כְסִילִ֣ים יֵרֽוֹעַ
20 To walk with the wise makes wise,
but the associate of dullards will be shouted down.
3e 4B 8
9
חַ֭טָּאִים תְּרַדֵּ֣ף רָעָ֑ה
וְאֶת־צַ֝דִּיקִ֗ים יְשַׁלֶּם־טֽוֹב
21 g Sinners, evil pursues,
and the righteous, good will repay.
3e 4B 8
9
ט֗וֹב יַנְחִ֥יל בְּנֵֽי־בָנִ֑ים
וְצָפ֥וּן לַ֝צַּדִּ֗יק חֵ֣יל חוֹטֵֽא
22 ~ One who is good leaves an inheritance for the children's children,
so for one who is righteous, the wealth of a sinner is treasured.
3e 4B 6
9
רָב־אֹ֭כֶל נִ֣יר רָאשִׁ֑ים
וְיֵ֥שׁ נִ֝סְפֶּ֗ה בְּלֹ֣א מִשְׁפָּֽט
23 An abundance of food is a lamp for gangs,
but there is what is snatched without judgment.
3e 4B 6
8
חוֹשֵׂ֣ךְ שִׁ֭בְטוֹ שׂוֹנֵ֣א בְנ֑וֹ
וְ֝אֹהֲב֗וֹ שִֽׁחֲר֥וֹ מוּסָֽר
24 One who keeps back his sceptre hates his child,
and one who loves seeks early to warn.
3e 4B 8
9
צַדִּ֗יק אֹ֭כֵל לְשֹׂ֣בַע נַפְשׁ֑וֹ
וּבֶ֖טֶן רְשָׁעִ֣ים תֶּחְסָֽר
25 A righteous one eats to the satiation of its being,
but the belly of the wicked will lack.
3e 4B 9
8

One day I will invent a way of publishing this evolving glossary.
איתן Ethan(1), perennial(6), perennially(1)
בגד act treacherously(4), acted treacherously(3), betrayed(2), garment(7), garments(58), treacherous(14), wardrobe(2)
חבל companies(1), held pledge(1), inflict pain(4), inflicted pain(1), inflicting pain(1), margin(2), marginalized(1), margins(8), pangs(7), pilot(1), pledge(9), pledged(3), pledges(5), pushes out(1), rope(5), ropes(9), take pledge(1), untranslated(1)
יסר bewilderment(1), chasten(9), chastened(6), chastening(25), chastens(3), mentor(2), mentored(3), mentoring(7), one chastens(2), tutored(1), warn(2), warned(1), warning(3)
לוץ hold scorn(1), insinuating(2), insinuation(1), one scornful(1), scorn(1), scorner(1), scorners(2), scornful(8), scorning(1)
נפשׁ -hold(1), being - being(1), being(177), beings(8), cadaver(10), find themselves(1), group(5), groups together(1), himself(6), integrity(27), itself(6), myself(3), now being(1), now(1), o being(10), ourselves(2), own(2), regrouped(1), self(23), self-(1), selves(2), such selves(1), themselves(8), throat(13), untranslated(3), very self(19), very selves(3), yourselves(10)
נצה plumage(2), struggle(2), struggled(1), struggles(2)
עצל sloth(4), sluggard(8)
עשׁר becomes rich(1), breeding(4), enrich(1), enriches(4), made rich(1), one rich(4), rich(11), riches(24)
צפה looking out(1), lookout(10), lookouts(1), looks out(1), overlaid(8), overlay(8), overlaying(2), spied(1), spies(2), spy(1)
רוע blast triumph(3), jubilant(3), jubilation(15), raise shout(13), raised shout(2), raising shout(1), shout triumph(6), shouted down(1), shouted triumph(2), triumph(1)